EIGHT BASIC EFFORT ACTIONS:
LABAN’S MOVEMENT THEORY
1. Kinesphere: space within our reach, or our personal space. It moves with you as you travel. 2. Dimensions:
a. Up-down (high, middle, deep)
3. Flow of Movement:
a. Bound flow – can be stopped at any time (pause).
b. Free Flow – difficult to stop suddenly.
4. Space: Movement can be linear (direct) or curved (flexible). 5. Time: Time can be very personal or cultural. Modern transport allows us to travel faster and further than in the past. Time zones can be crossed. Life used to be governed by the seasons. Spring was the awakening and planting time, summer was the ripening time. With autumn came the harvesting time, and winter was the resting time. Today we have an inbuilt clock and a 24 hour clock. Speed is still a flexible term, depending upon the influences and circumstances. 6. Weight: Our ability to stand upright depends on the tension between the upward force of our bodies and the downward pull of gravity. Weight must be distributed or we may “lose balance”. Moving the body anywhere in space requires energy along a light to strong continuum. A small bounce requires only light force, whereas a pole-vaulter needs a stronger force to leave the ground.
|# |EFFORT |TIME |SPACE |FORCE | |1 |PRESS |Sustained |Direct |Strong | |2 |FLICK |Sudden |Indirect (flexible) |Light | |3 |WRING |Sustained |Indirect |Light | |4 |DAB |Sudden |Direct |Light | |5 |SLASH |Sudden |Indirect |Strong | |6 |GLIDE |Sudden – Sustained |Direct |Light | |7 |Thrust (punch) |Sudden |Direct |Strong – Light | |8 |Float |Sustained |Direct – Indirect |Light |
1. Pressing: Sustained, direct, strong.
a. Feel it first with palms of hands.
b. Press forward and downward, and diagonally across the body. c. Extend your pressing activity into all spatial directions, and into high, medium, and low zones. d. Let the other parts of body lead in pressing, for example, the back, the knees, top of head, and elbows or feet. e. Let two parts of body press simultaneously in two different directions, such as: right palm up, left hip down. f. Press simultaneously in three different directions, for example: head backward, hips forward, elbows outward, away from their sides.
g. Press down with feet as they walk, taking the body in different directions.
h. Try pressing in kneeling, sitting and lying positions as well as standing. i. Try pressing as a transition from one position to another. j. Combine (e) and( f) with( g),( h), and (i).
2. Flicking: Sudden, Flexible, Light
a. Imagine a fly alighting on food or dust on your jacket. Flick it away with your hands by quickly twisting the wrists and fingers.
b. Move on to flicking in every part of your kinesphere , near to the body, far away, use high, medium and low zones, directions should include backward and forward and sideways.
c. Try flicking with your shoulders, head and feet. The most important...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document