Durkheim: Anomic Division of Labor
The first pathological form that results from the division of labor, according to Durkheim, is the anomic division of labor. This fairly common, negative aspect of the division of labor occurs when the individuals become isolated by their repetitive, specialized tasks, and forget that they are parts of the whole, i.e. society. Examples of this occur in industries and factories which detach workers from their employers. In order to fix this anomic division of labor, the conditions present in a state of organic solidarity must be determined. This state of interdependency would exist once the specialized workers became directly dependent on one another. This would form a complex division of labor strongly resembling an organism. The groups of people would act as organs engaging in repetitive, definite actions which contribute essential functions to the entire organism. When this state of organic solidarity is formed, problems such as anomie are rectified.
David Emile Durkheim was a French sociologist most famous for his book The Division of Labour In Society. Durkheim was considered a prodigy while he was in school. The main objective of the book was to explain the relationship between an individual and social solidarity. The chapter looked into his other works and the theories he developed. The “Division of Labour” was an important theme that Durkheim went into extreme detail with. He believed that by changing the “division of labour”, you could change the way that society had order and how unified everyone was. He also believed that the way that people cooperated with one another determined how smoothly things ran with the “division of labour”
Mechanical and Organic solidarity are two concepts of social solidarity that was coined by Durkheim. Mechanical solidarity deals with smaller societies with little division of labour and it is based on likeness. Organic solidarity deals with the opposite of Mechanical solidarity....
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