There are many factors that truly contribute to the shaping of the foreign policy of a country. But all these factors can be divided into two classes. One is domestic factors and another is external factors. In domestic factors we can have factors of domestic importance like energy, agriculture, industrial importance, resources etc. for example India's growing economy demands huge energy for growth. It will mean that our foreign policy should be shaped such that our energy demands must be fulfilled with the help of other countries. In this regard India should make friendly relations with the countries having rich energy resources and try to help those countries in by investing in these countries in oil, gas etc. sector. So our domestic demands will direct our foreign policy. In the same way what happens at the international level does affect all the countries in some way...Directly or indirectly. So we have to see that particular event does not harm our national interests. In this way one would have to take a particular stand and take action according to that. for example India remained non-aligned after it's freedom so that it would not remain dependent on a particular country for it's development, and that helped India as Russia, America an other countries all helped it some way or the other. What are the basic determinants of a foreign policy?
Trade, risk to a nation's assets and/or citizens (domestic and overseas), risk to a nation and or its allies as a whole. Also, if you're talking about the US, a seeming high degree of irrationality and a suspicious amount of personal gain to those determining the policy (i.e. shareholders in military industries). The basic determinants of a foreign policy?
The basic determinants of a foreign policy are
2. Economic Development
4. Advancement in Technology
5. National Capacity
6. Political Parties/Leadership
8. National Interest
9. Role of Press/Bureaucracy
10. Social Structure
11. Public Opinion
Also external factors like International Power Structure, International Organizations, World Public Opinion and reaction of other states also feature in determining the foreign policy
What are the main determinants of foreign policy?
That depends on the country in question. Different countries have different political, economic, and geostrategic interests and these are held relative to the area they inhabit, the local major actors, institutions they are part of, and history they have acted in. FOREIGN POLICY OF PAKISTAN
No country today can think of a life independent of other nations. Every country has to developed relations with other countries so as to meets its requirements in economical, industrial and technological fields. It is thus necessary for every country to formulate a sound foreign policy. Pakistan is an important third world country in its developmental stage. It also has formulated her foreign policy keeping in mind its geoghraphy, politics and economics.
DEFINITION OF FOREIGN POLICY
Foreign Policy can be defined as:
"Relations between sovereign states. It is reflection of domestic politics and an interaction among sovereign states. It indicates the principles and preferences on which a country quant to establish relations with another country."
PAKISTAN'S FOREIGN POLICY IN LIGHT OF QUAID-E-AZAM'S WORDS
The father of the nation, Quaid-e-Azam defined Foreign Policy towards other countries of the world in 1948, as follows:
“Our Foreign Policy is one of friendliness and good-will towards all the nations of the world. We do not cherish aggressive designs against any country or nation. We believe in the policy of honesty and fair play in national and international dealings and are prepared to make our outmost contribution to the promotion of peace and prosperity among the nations of...