How does psychology as a scientific discipline differ from the casual observations we make about the world in everyday life? What are the similarities?
I never thought about why I react to certain thing that I have observed in my everyday environment, until I started reading this week assignment. While having lunch with a longtime friend today, I notice a person acting strange walking in our direction. Without thinking I started to cross the street. However the friend I was with notice the same person action and chose to do nothing. This week assignment taught me that psychology as a scientific discipline tells you why we do the things we do without even thinking about it first.
In my option psychology requires you to think outside the box or require you to think about the little things other has done around you in your pass. Which bring me to it similarities, as a child I can now recall walking with my aunt in the evening from the store and from time to time she would all of a sudden we would cross the street. I have not thought about that until now. I was my aunt that taught me to pay attention to my surrounding. My friend and I grow up in the same environment, yet psychology teaches me that one’s casual observations differs from person to person and also depend how on he or she was raised.
What guidelines should be applied to the evaluation of psychological research and practices? What ethical dilemmas might arise in psychological research and how might they be avoided?
There should be some kind of guidelines with all research and practices. When a Psychologist starts his or her research on subject there are guidelines put in place to avoid any ethical dilemmas. By asking some questions for instances, According to Kowalski and Westen (2011), does it make sense, are your procedures adequate, is the data conclusive, and finally is your study ethical (Chapter 2, Research Methods in Psychology). We have to keep in mind that most studies are limited, but by following these guidelines could avoid false data. Psychologist could also make their research bias by directing their subject in a direction that makes their research accurate. I know what happen in Vegas stays in Vegas, but on my first visits to Vegas, my friends and I participated in a research. I don’t remember the name of the school, but it was a group of 10-12 high school students “maybe in the 9th or 10th grade.” It was on how winning certain amount of money affects one judgment. There was two parts to their research. The first part was list of five questions, your name, are you from Vegas, how much money you make, how often you gamble, and do you have a cut off limit, “something like that.” The second part was the fun part. We were in a room with real slot machine and we were allowed to keep our winnings. This was to see if we would stick to our limit. The group I was in we all lied. When I met back up with my friends I found out they lied too. It was fun and we got a buffet dinner out of it.
Because of the type of this research this was it could also have an ethical dilemma. Simply because, there are some individual that are addicted to gambling. I don’t recall being asked about this. In order for something like this to be avoided there should have been a question on this subject.
It was an example of something that could have been asked to avoid ethical dilemmas. Since there are some that are addicted to gambling. I don’t recall being asked...