Development of Parties and Party Systems in Central Europe 1989-2008

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Development of Parties and Party Systems in Central Europe 1989-2008 (I) - Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary

Søren Riishøj, Senior Lecturer, Institute of Political Science, University of Southern Denmark

Email-adresses: sr@sam.sdu.dk

Contents:

I. Introduction

1.1. Political parties and stages of post-communism

1.2. Political parties and party systems

1.3. The formation of political parties

1.4. Stages of party and party system development

1.5. Consolidation of democracy

1.6. The left-right divide and post-communist cleavages

1.7. Anti-communism and the Right

1.8. The dilemmas of the Left

1.9. Coalition building

1.10. Presidentialism

1.11. The new political elites

1.12. Party institutionalization

1.13. The party culture and party life

II. About parties and party-systems: Poland

2.1. Path-dependency and the parties and party-systems in Poland

2.2. Solidarity and AWS

2.3. The first years

2.4. The foundation myth

2.5. The new social environment

2.6. The first big crisis and the political come-back in 1997

2.7. The foundation of AWS

2.8. The organisational structure of AWS

2.9. The different “legs”

2.10. RS AWS

2.11. More about the debate about establishing a functional party federation

2.12. “The End”

2.13. AWS’ other ”legs”

2.14. Peasant Parties: PSL and “Selfdefence” (Samoobrona)

2.15. Democratic Union (UD), the Freedom Union (UW) and the Citizen’s Platform (PO)

2-16- Civic Platform (PO)

2.17. SLD

2.18. The foundation of the party SLD

2.19. SLD after the 2002 election

2.20. The Labour Union (UP)

III. The Czech Republic

3.1. Stages of party and party system development

3.2. More about the power sharing agreements- and the time after

3.3. The 2002 election and after

3.4. The parties: Civic Forum (CF)

3.5. Civic Democratic Party (ODS)

3.6. Election performance

3.7. Crisis and internal division

3.8. The 2002 election and after

3.9. ODS’ euroscepticism

3.10. ODA

3.11. The Quad Coalition (4K)

3.12. Some conclusions

3.13. KDU-CSL

3.14. CSSD

3.15. The break-through in 1998: CSSD in government

3.16. CSSD: party life – and party type

3.17. Stanislav Gross as the new party leader

3.18. With Jiri Paroubek as the new party leader

3.19. CSSD and the 2006 election

3.20. KSCM

4. Slovakia

4.1. Slovak transformation

4.2. More about the 2002 election in Slovakia and after

4.3. About the Slovak political parties: HZDS and SNS

4.4. SDK and SDKU

4.5. SMK

4.6. The Left: SDL, SDSS, SOP and Smer-SD

5.0. Hungary

5.1. The Kadar-compromise

5.2. Post-communist party politics in Hungary

5.3. MDF, KNDP, the Smallholders Party (FKGP) and the Party of Justice and Life (MIEP)

5.4. FIDESZ

5.5. The Alliance of Free Democrats (SZDSZ)

5.6. Hungary’s Socialist Party (MSZP)

5.7. MSZD nd the 2006 election – and after

6. Concluding remarks

Selected litterature

This book attempts to shed more light on the rise and development of political parties and party systems in the CEEC’s. It begins with outlining the main features of party and party system development in general and in the CEEC’s since 1989 in particular seen in the context of different stages of post-communism. The aim of this book is to present a broad overview and reach a better understanding of the changes in parties and party systems in CEECs - and especially in Poland and the Czech Republic - since 1989. After a broad overview in the first section, including sections on parties and party systems, the new political elites and party institutionalisation, a more detailed study will follow of Solidarity and the two party federations Solidarity Electoral Action (AWS) and SLD, the Labour Union (UP), Polands...
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