DEFINITION AND EXPLANATION OF INTERPERSONAL COMMUNICATION FROM PERSPECTIVE DISCUSSED IN CLASS.
There are two perspectives or views that defined and explained Interpersonal Communication. It is otherwise referred to as dyadic communication. The two views are contextual and developmental view. Developmental View was discussed in class. We have many different relationships with people. Some scholars say that our definition of interpersonal communication must account for these differences. These scholars say that interacting with a sales clerk in a store is different than the relationship we have with our friends and family members. Thus, some scholars have proposed an alternative way of defining interpersonal communication. This is called the developmental view. From developmental view, interpersonal communication is defined as communication that occurs between people who have known each other for some time. Developmental view takes into consideration the relationship between the interactants involved in the communication process, whereas the contextual view ignores the relationships between the interactants completely. Interpersonal communication would thus include what takes place between a son and his father, an employer and an employee, two sisters, a teacher and a student, two lovers, two friends, and so on. Although largely dyadic in nature interpersonal communication is often extended to include small intimate groups such as the family. This view of interpersonal communication and relationship is outstanding in the sense that it perceives each participant as a distinct individual with unique needs. The development perspective of interpersonal communication, on the other hand, treats interpersonal communication as dynamic. Miller and Steinberg (1975) argue that Interpersonal communication develops as people get to know each other. Communication between strangers is less interpersonal than communication between friends. Extremely relevant to achieving personal as well as professional success. The development perspective of interpersonal communication has some disadvantages:- 1.
It is not easy to tell as observers when two or more people know each other personally. 2.
It is difficult to tell when a particular interaction has become personal. According to developmental view, effectiveness of communication depends on largely informal usage of verbal and non-verbal messages. Interpersonal communication is the verbal and nonverbal interaction between two interdependent people (sometimes more). Verbal message includes the use of human speech sounds in oral communication and symbolic representation in writing. Non-Verbal Message includes facial gestures, voice, intonation, physical distance, silence and format of document (in writing). Another important thing to note in interpersonal communication is element of communication. This is because of it's significant role in building up mutual relationship. Every process is made up of interacting elements or components. Communication is made up of about eight elements—communicator, message, channel, medium, noise, context, feedback and effect. Interpersonal communication involves communicator. Those involved in a particular communication encounter are called sender-receivers or transceivers. They simultaneously send and receive messages. There are no (and there should not be) permanent senders and permanent receivers; both alternate roles as senders and receivers.
The information that is exchanged between transceivers is the message. It is the content of the communicative encounter. A message has two aspects—the content aspect which is the core distinct information and the relational aspect which is the affective stimuli we send along with the core information. The short statement, ‘come in’ has as its content the invitation to come in. However, the way it is said (relational) can suggest that we really have been looking forward to seeing the person being addressed, that...
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