Palawan State University
S.Y. 2012 – 2013
course No. : Ed 210
Topic: The Curricula in the Philippines
Course Title: Philosophical, Historical and Legal Foundation
1. Discuss the Philippine educational ladder.
2. Explain the objectives of the two level of the educational ladder (basic/tertiary). 3. Cite and expound the provisions of Presidential Decree No. 1139.
The curriculum is the sum total of all the learners’ experiences which are in any way affected by the school.The co-curricular experiences which the school offers is definitely a part of the curricular experiences.
Education in the Philippines went through several stages of development from the pre-Spanish times to the present to match the changing objectives of education.
Before the coming of the Spaniards, education was informal and religion-oriented. It was for the elite, especially in the early years of Spanish colonization. Access to education by the Filipinos was later liberalized through the enactment of the Educational Decree of 1863 giving the Filipinos a complete educational system from elementary to the tertiary level. During the American Regime, the aim of education was to realize the objectives of American democracy. It changed during the Japanese Regime. Love of work and dignity of labor was emphasized. With the declaration of Martial Law in 1972, education became relevant to the goals of national development.
The Philippine educational system includes three levels of instruction: elementary, secondary and tertiary levels.
PHILIPPINE EDUCATIONAL LADDER
Yrs. In School| Normal Age| Level| Graduate Post Graduate Studies| 87654321| 2322212019181716| THIRDHigher Education| COLLEGES/UNIVERSITIESGeneral Higher EducationVocational/Technical EducationMedicalLawOther professional courses| 4321| 15141312| SECONDSecondary Education| SECONDARY SCHOOLSGeneral EducationVocational/Technical Secondary| 654321| 11109876| FIRSTElementary Education| INTERMEDIATE SCHOOLSPRIMARY SCHOOLS| 21| 54| | NURSERY AND KINDERGARTEN|
Pre-school education in the country is given in public normal laboratory schools, in a few public schools and has almost remained to be associated with Bureau of private Schools, especially with the religious groups. It aims to develop children in all aspects (physical, social, emotional, and cognitive) to be better prepared to adjust and cope with life situations and the demands of formal schooling; and to maximize the children’s potential through a variety of carefully selected and meaningful experiences considering their interests and capabilities. The curriculum focuses on physical, personal-social, affective, and cognitive development. In some private schools, a child goes to nursery, kindergarten and then prep school, others only have two levels.
Elementary level provides basic education. It is divided into two categories: primary level which is from first to fourth grades and the intermediate which is from fifth to sixth grade. It aims to enable every Filipino child to acquire the basic skills, knowledge, habits, attitudes, appreciation, and ideas to make him an efficient and intelligent citizen in a democratic society.
The New Elementary School Curriculum (NESC)
Return to basic education wherein the educational system will undergo a change in structure and methodology to be relevant to the changing society. One of the changes is the “Operation: Return to the Basics” which aims to upgrade pupil achievement in reading, language and mathematics which should involve the development of thinking skills. If a child developed these skills it will not only enhance his learning capabilities but will also enhance his values which will enable him to become a productive, self-reliant, versatile, civic-minded,...