Running head: HOW CRIMINOLOGISTS STUDY CRIME
How Criminologists Study Crime
Criminologists research methods 2
HOW CRIMINOLOGIST STUDY CRIME
Criminologists have many different exploratory methods to gauge criminal behavior,
character, disposition, and social circumstances of criminal offenders. The comprehension of
these studies is truly significant as this information is gathered by criminologists as they access
diverse issues and query their discipline
A criminologist uses data that assess a person’s approach, convictions, usefulness,
attributes, and conduct. Through this reciprocal relationship, the criminologists would be able to
interpret the connection interval of particular components.
The self-report survey requires respondents to illustrate meticulously, their present and
past association in crime. This report requires anonymity for the respondents from outside
influences “in order to ensure the validity and honesty of the responses.” Another evaluation
that is used is the victimization survey which pose individuals to declare their experiences as
crime victims (Siegel, 2006).
Cohort research is simply watching a circle of individuals who share the same traits
For example, take a group of twelve year old boys who were raised in the same housing project
in Washington, D.C., observed them until they become twenty-one years old. This approach is
extremely difficult, expensive, and most definitely time consuming. Another method that can be
used is to look back into their early life experiences by checking their educational, family, police,
and hospital records. “This is as a retrospective cohort study (Siegel, 2006).”
Criminologists research methods 3
Official Record Research
Criminologists are privileged professionals who are granted access to both state and
federal agencies such as the Department of Corrections, schools, and courts to gain insight and
comprehend the essence and scope of crime. Nonetheless, significant crime information is
gathered by the Federal Bureau Investigations and it is made available annually by the Uniform
Crime Report (UCR).
Before an experimental research can be performed, experimental policies must be
followed. This form of research is rare because it is controversial and too extravagant to
administer; they include distorting the subject’s lives, which can induce ethical and legal
problems. This type of study also requires lengthy aftereffects to support the outcome.
Moreover, it has been an integral part of criminal statistics.
Observational and Interview Research
These methods allow the criminologists to concentrate on a couple of subjects at a time
through the use of interrogation and observation which should give the researcher a true
indication of the subjects’ demeanor.
Criminologists and research 4
Meta-Analysis and Systematic Review
Meta-analysis entails collecting information from a number of foregoing studies. Well
matched material and evidence are withdrawn and merged together. A methodical survey is
another indisputable course of determining the effectiveness of public policy interventions.
Measuring Crime Trends and Rates
Criminologists use comprehensive studies to collect information to determine the
movement in crime.
The Crime Report
The United States measure crime by using the Federal Bureau of Investigations Uniform
Crime Report (UCR), along with the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS), and the National Crime
Victimization Survey (NCVS)....