Criminal Law Summary

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  • Topic: Criminal law, Tort, Regulatory offences
  • Pages : 84 (23534 words )
  • Download(s) : 79
  • Published : April 20, 2012
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Burden of Proof4

1. Legal/Persuasive Burden of Proof4

2. Evidential Burden4

3. Section 11(d) violation4

4. Section 15

Actus Reus5

A. Act or Omission6
R. v. Instan6
People v. Beardsley6
R. v. Thornton7
R. v. Urbanovich7
R. v. Ssenyonga7

B. Voluntariness8

C. Causation8
R. v. Smithers8
R. v. Duncan9
R. v. Johnston9
R. v. Nette9
R. v. Blaue9
R. v. Cribbin9
R. v. Harbottle10

Mens Rea10

Absolute Liability11
Sault. St. Marie11
Reference Re: Section 94(2) of the Motor Vehicle Act12

Strict Liability12
R. v. Wholesale Travel Group12

Negligence13
R. v. Creighton [1993] SCC – p.8013
R. v. Browne (1997)14
R. v. Naglik14
R. v. Hundal14

Willful Blindness14

Recklessness14

Intention15
Third-Party Liability15
R. v. Vaillancourt16

Corporate Homicide16
Criminal Prosecution of Corporations for Defective Products (Vandall)16 Criminal Liability of Organizations17
Corporate Homicide19

Consent19

General Assault20
1. Fights20
2. Sports Context and Implied Consent21

Sexual Assault22
R. v. Ceurrier23
R. v. Williams [2003]23

Correction24

Elements24
Does the accused fall w/in s. 43?24
Does the victim fall w/in s. 43?24
Was the force corrective?24
Was the force reasonable?25

Cases25
R. v. Ogg-Moss25
R. v. Dupperon26

DeMinimus26

Offences to which it does not apply27

Test27

Cases27
R. v. Lepage27
R. v. Matsuba27
R. v. Stewart27

Mistake of Fact28
1. Air of Reality?28
2. Statutory Limitations (objective riders)29
3. Evidence of Past Sexual History29

Mistake of Law31

General Principle: Mistake of Law is No Defence31
Applications of General Principles31

Exceptions to the General Principle32
1. Mistake going to Mens Rea Element of the Offence32
2. Officially Induced Error:32
3. Impossibility32
4. Police Officers and s. 25(2)33

Color of Right33
Section 492(2)34
Section 41(1)35

Incapacity35

A. Age35

B. Fitness to Stand Trial36

C. NCRMD37
Test37
Burden of Proof37
Results37

Intoxication38
Intoxication Generally39

Intoxication (Partial Defence)39

Extreme Intoxication39
Charter Challenges to s. 33.140

Automatism40

General Test Applicable to all Cases Involving Automatism (Stone).40 Step 1: Establish a Proper Foundation for a defence of Automatism40 Step 2: Determining Whether to Leave MD or Non-MD Automatism with the Trier of Fact41 Possible Outcomes:42

Provocation43

Provocation Test (Hill)43

Charter Issues?44
Femicide44
Homosexual advances45

Residual defence of rage45
R. v. Parent [2001] SCC46

Trial Process46

Rights of the Accused Implicated by the Trial Process46

The Order of a Trial47

Self Defence50
UNPROVOKED ASSAULT – s. 34(1)51
PROVOKED – s.3551
THIRD PARTY – s.3752
PEACE OFFICERS – s.2552
UNPROVOKED ASSAULT CAUSING DEATH OR GBH – s.34 (2)52
WIFE BATTERING AND SELF-DEFENCE53

Duress55

1. Does the accused fall under the CL defence of s. 17?55

2. Section 1755

2.CL Defence56

Necessity59

TEST (R. v. Perka)59
(1) Did there exist an urgent situation of clear and imminent peril?59 (2) Was compliance with the law demonstrably impossible?60 (3) Was there proportionality between the harm inflicted and the harm avoided?61

Broadening the Defences61

Entrapment62
1. Was there entrapment?63
2. Should there be a stay of proceedings?64
3. Was there an informer involved?64

Burden of Proof

1. Legal/Persuasive Burden of Proof

• QOF
• Usually on Crown to prove...
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