Can you save a life? In an emergency, when every second is critical, would you know what to do?
According to recent statistics sudden cardiac arrest is rapidly becoming the leading cause of death in America. Once the heart ceases to function, a healthy human brain may survive without oxygen for up to 4 minutes without suffering any permanent damage. Unfortunately, a typical EMS response may take 6, 8 or even 10 minutes.
Performing CPR dramatically increases the survival chance while a person awaits the arrival of EMS. CPR helps keep blood flow to the brain and heart and can be the crucial action that keeps a person alive. The skills needed to perform CPR can be learned by everyone.
PART ONE: PRE-TEST ( 8 points )
Open a new web browser window and visit http://www.redcrossnca.org/quiz/cprquiz.php to complete the online self check to test your knowledge. In the center column below place the letter choice you selected. In the column on the right, mark the question you answered correct with a “C” and the answers that were incorrect with an “I”. For incorrect answers, also include the letter of the correct answer.
Question|Answer|“C” or “I”|
1. |a|I c|
2. |b|I c|
3. |b|I c|
4. |c|I b|
5. |a|i- e|
6. |c|I d|
7. |b|I c|
9. |c|I b|
PART TWO: Visit the Mayo Clinic’s website to learn the importance of and the steps in performing Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation. Copy the following web address into a new web browser window: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-cpr/FA00061 . Answer the following questions.
11. What is the best method to learn CPR? ( 2 points )
Personal in person training.
12. Identify the CAB’s of CPR, AND describe the meaning of each letter below in a complete sentence. ( 9 points )
C – Circulation: Restore blood circulation with chest compressions.
A – Airway: Clear the airway.
B – Breathing: Breathe for the person.
13. Identify 4 differences in administering CPR to a child (ages 1-8 years) rather than for an adult. ( 8 points )
1. If you're alone, perform five cycles of compressions and breaths on the child — this should take about two minutes — before calling 911 or your local emergency number or using an AED.
2. Use only one hand to perform heart compressions.
3. Breathe more gently.
4. Use the same compression-breath rate as is used for adults: 30 compressions followed by two breaths. This is one cycle. Following the two breaths, immediately begin the next cycle of compressions and breaths.
14. The most common cause of cardiac arrest in infants is due to the lack of oxygen. What are the two most common causes of lack of oxygen in infants? ( 4 points )
15. How do the rescue efforts differ when rescuing a baby if you are the only rescuer or if there is an additional rescuer? ( 4 points )
A. If you're the only rescuer and CPR is needed, do CPR for two minutes — about five cycles — before calling 911 or your local emergency number. B. If another person is available, have that person call for help immediately while you attend to the baby.
16. How does breathing for a baby differ from that of an adult or child? ( 3 points ) Babys breath less than an adult.
PART THREE: Video instruction.
View the following videos by opening a new browser window and visiting the website www.learncpr.org[->0]. After viewing each video, describe/summarize the steps one should follow when performing CPR on Adults, Infants and Children. Use complete sentences and include each step in the process.
Adult Summary ( 5 points )
Check response, call 911 if no response. Pump 30 times in the center of the chest between the nipples. Pinch the nose, completely cover the mouth, and blow twice so the chest rises. Continue with 30 pumps and two breaths until help arrives.
Infant Summary ( 5 points )