Course Notes - Speaking to Inform

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  • Topic: Object, Abstraction, Speech
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SPCM 101 Chapter 15: Speaking to Inform
There are three criteria for effective informative speaking: 1. The information should be communicated accurately.
2. The information should be communicated clearly.
3. The information should be made meaningful and interesting to the audience.

I. Informative speeches can be classified into four types A. Some informative speeches are about objects.
1. Speeches about objects describe something that is visible, tangible, and stable in form. a. Objects may have moving parts or be alive.
b. They may include places, structures, animals, even people. 2. Speeches about objects need to be sharply focused.
a. A speaker cannot convey everything about an object in a brief speech. b. It is important to choose a specific purpose that is not too broad to be achieved in the allotted time. 3. Speeches about objects can use a variety of organizational patterns. c. A speech about the history or evolution of an object would be arranged in chronological order. d. A speech about the main features of an object might be arranged in spatial order. e. Most informative speeches about objects will fall into topical order. B. Some informative speeches are about processes.

1. A process is a systematic series of actions that leads to a specific result or product. 2. Speeches about processes explain how something is made, describe how something is done, or convey how something works. 3. There are two kinds of informative speeches about processes. a. One type explains a process so the audience will understand it better. b. The other type explains a process so the audience will be able to perform the process themselves. 4. Speeches about processes often require visual aids.

c. Charts are an effective way to outline the steps of a process. d. In some cases, the speaker will need to demonstrate the steps or techniques of the process. 5....
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