Cost Effective Materials

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Environment Friendly
Indian Building Material
Technologies for
Cost Effective Housing

SHEE

Contents
1. Flyash-Sand-Lime-Gypsum Bricks

1

2. Compressed Earth / Fly Ash Sand Lime Gypsum Blocks (Interlocking Type)

7

3. Compressed Earth Bricks/Blocks

9

4. Clay Flyash Burnt Bricks

13

5. Marble Slurry Bricks

15

6. Solid/Hollow Concrete Blocks

17

7. Cellular Light Weight Concrete

23

8. Ferrocement Wall Panels

25

9. Rat Trap Bond Brick Masonry

27

10. Micro Concrete Roofing Tiles

29

11. Ferrocement Roofing Channels

31

12. RCC Planks and Joists

33

13. Reinforced Brick Panels & Joists

37

14. Precast Concrete L-Panels

39

15. Ferrocement C-Beams/Rafters

41

16. Precast Concrete Door/Window Frames

43

17. Concrete Paving Blocks

45

18. Mosaic & Checkered Flooring Tiles

49

19. Bamboo Mat Corrugated Roofing Sheets

51

20. Bamboo Mat Boards

53

21. Coir Polymer Composite Boards & Ply

55

22. Flyash/Red Mud Polymer Doors and Panel Products

57

23. Glass Reinforced Polymer (GRP) Door Shutters & Frames

59

24. Finger Jointed Lumber from Plantation Timbers

61

25. Technology for Retrievable Structures

63

Other Machines Available

64

Setting up a Technology Demonstration cum Production Centre for Manufacturing of Prefab Building Components

65

Production Days for Components of a House of 60 Sq.mts with various Walling & Roofing Options

68

Industrial, mining, mineral wastes and their application in building materials as alternate to traditional materials and natural resources

69

Introduction
This booklet includes variety of production technologies of building materials as developed and practised in India. These technologies utilize locally available raw materials, wastes and by-products from industry, agriculture and natural fibres. The technologies included here indicate several options which have been developed in India and are being extensively utilized in the construction of low-income housing both in rural and urban areas.

The variety of machines and equipment developed in India have been shown in this publication and these can be easily procured by agencies engaged in/and/or supporting programmes of construction of cost effective housing, health centres, schools and other community buildings in developing countries of Latin American, African and Asian regions.

The technological details, photographs of products, machines and buildings using these technologies have been frequently taken from published literature of Building Materials & Technology Promotion Council (BMTPC), Central Building Research Institute (CBRI) and other Research Institutes engaged in R&D in the area of development of environment friendly, energy efficient and cost effective materials and technologies. These technologies have been successfully utilized for environmental protection, employment generation and housing construction in rural and urban settlements in India and several other countries.

The costs mentioned for different technologies and project costs are based on present level of pricing as obtaining in India. For utilization of indicated technologies prospective users are advised to get the final projects designed and costed before undertaking production of materials, construction of buildings and establishment of Technology Demonstration, Production & Training Centres.

IBT Flyash-Sand-Lime-Gypsum Bricks
01

Flyash-Sand-Lime-Gypsum Bricks

Use
For walls in housing and all types of building construction, boundary walls.
Salient Features
· Environment friendly
· Accurate dimensions and excellent surface finish
· Excellent strength
· Quick drying of bricks
· Reduced water absorption and shrinkage
· Reduction in mortar consumption
· Utilization of industrial wastes (ashes/sludges) and
volcanic ash.
Size of product
230 x 115 x 75 mm
Properties of product
Compressive...
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