Constitutional Commissions of the Philippines

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• Civil Service Commission

FUNCTIONS:

The Civil Service Commission has the ff. powers and functions:

1. Administer and enforce the constitutional and statutory provisions on the merit system.

2. Prescribe, amend, and enforce suitable rules and regulations for carrying into effect the provisions of the Decree.

3. Promulgate policies, standards, and guidelines for the Civil Service adopt plans and programs to promote economical , efficient, and effective personnel administration in the government.

4. Supervise and coordinate the conduct of civil service examinations.

5. Approve appointments, whether original or promotional, to positions in the civil service.

6. Inspect and audit periodically the personnel work programs of the different departments, bureaus, offices, agencies and other instrumentalities of the government.

7. Hear and decide administrative disciplinary cases instituted directly with it or brought to it on appeal.

8. Perform such other functions as properly belonging to a central personnel agency.

NUMBER OF COMMISSIONERS:

Civil Service Commission is composed of a Chairman and two Commissioners.

QUALIFICATIONS:

1. They must be natural-born citizens of the Philippines

2. They must be at least 35 years of age at the time of their appointment (rather than assumption of office)

3. They must be persons with proven capacity for public administration. Knowledge of law or experience in the practice of law is not required by the Constitution presumably because the position calls more for administrative ability rather than legal competence. There must be a showing that they have been in the service as an effective public administrator. This is necessary because the Commissioners are responsible for an agency that performs significant functions

4. They must not have been candidates for any elective position in the elections immediately preceding their appointment. This requirement insures the political neutrality of prospective appointees and effectively precludes the appointment of political lameducks.

TERM:

7 years of term without reappointment

• Commission on Elections

FUNCTIONS:

The Commission on Elections has the following powers and functions: 1. Enforce and administer all laws related to the conduct of elections, plebiscite, referendum and recall.

2. Judge all contests relating to elections, results, and qualifications of all elective regional and provincial and city officials;

3. Deputize law enforcement agencies of the Government, including the Armed Forces of the Philippines, to ensure free, orderly and honest elections;

4. Register and accredit political parties;

5. Recommend to the Congress effective measures to minimize election expenses and prohibit all forms of election frauds and malpractices, political opportunism, guest or nuisance candidacy or other similar acts; and

6. Submit reports to the President, the Congress on the conduct of each election, plebiscite, referendum or recall.

NUMBER OF COMMISSIONERS:

The Commission on Elections is composed of a Chairman and 6 Commissioners.

QUALIFICATIONS:

1. They must be natural-born citizens of the Philippines.

2. They must be at least 35 years of age at the time of their appointment.

3. They must be at least holders of a college degree.

4. They must not have been candidates for any elective position in the immediately preceding elections.

TERM:

7 years of term without reappointment

• Commission on Audit

FUNCTIONS:

The Commission on Audit has the following powers and functions:

1.Examine, audit and settle, in...
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