CONCEPT OF LEADERSHIP
* I used to think that running an organization was equivalent to conducting a symphony orchestra. But I don’t think that’s quite it : its more like jazz. There is more improvisation -Warren Bennis * GOOD LEADERS ARE MADE NOT BOR. IF YOU HAVE THE DESIRE AND WILL POWER, YOU CAN BECOME AN EFFECTIVE LEADER. GOOD LEADEERS DEVELOP THROUGH A NEVER ENDING PROCESS FO SELF P STUDY, EDUCATION, RANING AND EPXRERIENCE. * GOOD LEADERS ARE CONTINUALLY WORKING AND STUDYING TO IMPROVE THEIR LEADERSIP SKILS. THEY ARE NOT RESTING ON THEIR LAURELS. LEADERSHIP:
* Is a process by which a person influences others to accomplish an objective and directs the organization in a way that makes it more cohesive and coherent. * Is a process whereby an individual influences aa group of individuals to achie a a common goal. 2 TYPES OF LEADERSHIP
1 . PROCESS LEADERSHIP
* Leaders carry out process by applying their leadership knowledge and skills. 2. TRAIT LEADERSHIp
* Leaders that have traits that can influence their actions (height, intelligence, extroversion, fluency. Etc) *while leadership is learned, the skill and knowledge processed by the leader can be influence by his or her attributes or traits, such as beliefs, values, ethics, and character. KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS contribute directly to the process of leadership, while other attributes give the leader certaing characteristics that make him or her unique.
FOUR FACTORS OF LEADERSHIP
1. LEADER – must have an honest understanding of who you are, what you know, and what you can do. To be successful leaders must convince their followers, not his self, superiors, that he is worthy of being followed. 2. FOLLOWERS – different people require different styles of leadership. * eg. A new hire requires more supervision than an experienced employee. * A person who lacks motivation requires a different approach than one with a high degree of motivation. * a leader must know his people. The fundamental starting point is having a good understanding of human nature, such as needs, emotions, and motivation. Leader must come to know his/her employee’s be, know, and do attributes. 3.COMMUNICATION
-leaders lead through two – way communications. Much of it is nonverbal. For instance , when you set the example, that communicates to your people that you would not ask them to perform anything that you would not be willing to do. What and how you communicate either builds or harms the relations hip between you and your employees. 4. SITUATION
-all situations are different. What you do in one situation will not always work in another. You must use your judgement to decide the best course of actions and the leadership style needed fore each situation. (eg. You may need to confront an employee for inappropriate behavior, but if the confrontation is too late or too early, too harsh or too weak, then the results may prove ineffective.
ASSIGNED LEADERSHIP VS EMERGENT LEADERSHIP
Assigned – your position as a manager, supervisor, lead, etc. gives you the authority to accomplish certain tasks and objectives in the organization, (this power does not make you a leader, it simply makes you the boss)
Emergent – it makes the followers want to achieve high goasl, rather than simply bossing people around. * Thus you get assigned leadership by your position and you display emergent leadership by influencing people to do great things. BASS THEORY OF LEADERSHIP
- Bass theory of leadership staes that there are 3 basic ways to explain how people become leaders. 1. Some personality traits may lead people naturally into leaderhip roles ( TRAIT THEORY) 2. A crisis or important event may caus a person to rise to the occasion, which brings out extraordinary leadership qualities in an ordinary person (GREAT EVENTS THEORY) 3. People can choose to become leaders. People can learn leadership skills. (TRANSFORMATIONAL OR PROCESS LEADERSHIP)
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