Ch. 1 Objectives • Gain an appreciation that public o Professionally as a society The process includes “shared meaning” • Discuss different levels of communication • Discuss the critical thinking (problem solving) skills that benefit public speaking Why study public speaking? - Acquire skills - More knowledge - build confidence Definition of public speaking • The process of sharing meaning by sending and reviewing symbolic cues - Interpreter (Sender and receiver) - Symbol (tools, objectives, language) – you picture things without trying - Referent (reference – idea) • People give meaning to words; words do not have inherit meaning Com 101
• Communication is a practiced process
• Ethic refers to right and wrong • Parties have ethical responsibilities – (truthful, transparent, not wasting time) • Speakers must be aware of the fair use provision - Give credit where credit is due • Speakers and listeners must be aware of plagiarism • Speakers and listeners must establish a method for note taking
Ethics and Morality • Ethics comes from the Greek ethos (character). - Pertains to the individual character of a person or persons • Morality comes from the Latin moralis (custom/manners) - Pertains to the relationship between human beings A working definition of Ethics
• Ethics basically deals with human reltionships – how human beings treat other
beings – (establishing morality) so as to promote mutual welfare, growth creativity, and meaning as the strive for good over bad and right over wrong.
Principles of Ethics Speakers and Listeners • All parties have ethical responsibilities. • Ethics are shown through our character and our morality, actions towards one another, and are what we agree to be the best for society. Responsibilities: • Speak about important issues • Promote positive ethical values • Speak to benefit your listeners • Use truthful support and valid reasoning • Consider the consequences of your speech. Make sure you’re ready to accept them • Strive to improve your speaking skills Ethical Listening Responsibilities: • Seek exposure to well-informed speakers • Avoid prejudging speakers and ideas • Evaluate the logic and credibility • Beware of the consequences of not listening carefully Fair Use Provision - Section of the U.S. copyright law allowing limited noncommercial use of copyrighted materials for teaching, criticism, scholarship, research, or commentary “Fair Use” Guidelines Consider: • Character of the use • Nature of the work • How much of the work has been taken • Effect on the market value of the original Plagiarism - The unattributed use of another’s ideas, words, or pattern of organization. Intentional Plagiarism - The deliberate unattributed use of another’s ideas, words, or pattern of organization. Unintentional Plagiarism - The careless or unconscious unattributed use of another’s ideas, words, or pattern of organization. Comm 101
Ch. 3 Speaking With Confidence Objectives • Stage fright cannot be eliminated - Stage fright is completely normal - the goal is to appear relaxed (even if you’re not) • Use methods for controlling nervousness • Prepare thoroughly - What is your intent? - What is the material? • Realize nervousness is normal - Nervousness is natural - Nervousness is energy - Control the symptoms of nervousness (you can’t get rid of them, but you can keep them in control) - Channel the energy into your speech Communication Apprehension – Perceived fear or anxiety associated with real or anticipated communication with another person or persons Learn how to build speaker confidence • Know how you react to stress Pastor Aaron Finney – “God’s performed a miracle tonight folks! He took all the water from my mouth and put it right into my hands!” • Know your strengths and weaknesses • Know your speech principles • Know that it looks worse from the inside - You think things are worse than your audience does Comm 101...
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