Communalism Casteism

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UNIT 1 Disparity due to disability, issues of physical mental challenged and services Refer mams notes
Some types of different disabilities are:
-Physical disability
-Sensory disability
-Cognitive or developmental disability
-Mental disability
A mental disorder or mental illness is a psychological pattern or anomaly, potentially reflected in behavior, that is generally associated with distress or disability, and which is not considered part of normal development in a person's culture There are many different conditions that are recognized as mental illnesses. The more common types include: * Anxiety disorders: People with anxiety disorders respond to certain objects or situations with fear and dread, as well as with physical signs of anxiety or nervousness, such as a rapid heartbeat and sweating. An anxiety disorder is diagnosed if the person's response is not appropriate for the situation, if the person cannot control the response, or if the anxiety interferes with normal functioning. Anxiety disorders include generalized anxiety disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, and specific phobias. * Mood disorders: These disorders, also called affective disorders, involve persistent feelings of sadness or periods of feeling overly happy, or fluctuations from extreme happiness to extreme sadness. The most common mood disorders are depression, mania, and bipolar disorder. * Psychotic disorders: Psychotic disorders involve distorted awareness and thinking. Two of the most common symptoms of psychotic disorders are hallucinations -- the experience of images or sounds that are not real, such as hearing voices -- and delusions, which are false beliefs that the ill person accepts as true, despite evidence to the contrary. Schizophrenia is an example of a psychotic disorder. * Eating disorders: Eating disorders involve extreme emotions, attitudes, and behaviors involving weight and food. Anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder are the most common eating disorders. * Impulse control and addiction disorders: People with impulse control disorders are unable to resist urges, or impulses, to perform acts that could be harmful to themselves or others. Pyromania (starting fires), kleptomania (stealing), and compulsive gambling are examples of impulse control disorders. Alcohol and drugs are common objects of addictions. Often, people with these disorders become so involved with the objects of their addiction that they begin to ignore responsibilities and relationships. * Personality disorders: People with personality disorders have extreme and inflexible personality traits that are distressing to the person and/or cause problems in work, school, or social relationships. In addition, the person's patterns of thinking and behavior significantly differ from the expectations of society and are so rigid that they interfere with the person's normal functioning. Examples include antisocial personality disorder, obsessive-compulsive personality disorder, and paranoid personality disorder.

Services available for disabled in India
Succession law for the disabled
A disability in a person cannot prevent one to inherit ancestral property Mental health act, 1987
Rehabilitation council act India, 1992
UN declaration on the rights of mentally retarded person
Reserving the use of a white cane to blind individuals only. Translation of new works into Braille or talking books, or the use of text-to-speech translators. Telecommunications devices for the deaf (TTY terminals for telephones) Sign language interpreting

Oral transliteration
Quota for Disabled People in Lok Sabha Jobs Approved
The mentally retarded person has a right to protection from exploitation, abuse and degrading treatment The mentally retarded person has, to the maximum degree of feasibility, the same rights as other human beings.

Patriarchy and...
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