In preparation for the second exam, familiarize yourself with the following material. Be aware that the exam will be comprised of: Multiple Choice, Short Answer, and Essay style questions. You should be able to demonstrate an understanding of major terms and concepts as well as their practical applications. Please note that anything covered in lecture, the assigned readings (Chapters 6-9), or in your discussion section is fair game for the exam.
INTERPERSONAL COMMUNICATION (Ch. 9)
Definition: Interpersonal communication occurs between at least two interdependent parties.
Two dimensions of interpersonal messages:
* Content Dimension
* Relational Dimension
Norms: Sets of rules governing appropriate social behavior.
Roles: A set of norms that are associated with a particular role that you enact. * Expected roles
* Enacted roles
* Interrole conflict (Between two roles)
* Intrarole conflict (Within a single role)
* Goal Driven; We are satisfied by the extent other people meet our goals and needs.
Close Relationship Satisfaction:
* High-Quality Communication
* Element of uniqueness (The rules are unique)
Self-Disclosure: (Understand what self-disclosure means in practical application) * Intentional, gradual
* Crucial to developing intimacy
* Quadrant 1. Known Self
* Quadrant 2. Hidden Self
* Quadrant 3. Blind self
* Quadrant 4. Unknown Self
Principles in Identity Management
* The more we like someone, the more we disclose to him/her. Disclosure-Liking Hypothesis:
* The more someone discloses to us, the more we like him/her.
Principle of Reciprocity (Dyadic Effect)
Social Penetration Theory: (“Onion Theory”)
* As we get to know a person, we systematically disclose information that over time increases in depth and decreases in breadth.
Reasons for Revelation
Reasons for Concealment (Risks)
Dialectical Theory (Theory of Dialectics/Theory of Dialectical Tensions): * [ex: Autonomy vs. Connection]
* Dialectical tension
* Self-Presentation Goals
* Based on the relationships that infants develop with their primary caregivers. * Attachment style is based on two models:
* Internal working model of self.
* Internal working model of other.
* Implications of The Strange Situation Experiment (Mary Ainsworth) & children’s attachment styles: * Secure
* How do children form secure attachments? Avoidant? Anxious? * Adults have four attachment styles: Secure, Preoccupied, Dismissive, Fearful (See model from lecture).
* Influence on relational longevity
* Influence on divorce
* Selection effect
Affiliation and Commitment
* Lee’s Love Style:
* Eros – (Erotic)
* Ludus – (Ludic)
* Storge – (Storgic)
* Pragma – (Pragmatic)
* Mania – (Manic)
* Agape – (Altruistic)
Dominance, Status, and Power
RELATIONAL COMMUNICATION (Ch. 8)
Human Attraction: A force that brings people together.
* Physical Attraction
* Sexual Attraction
* Relational Attraction
* Social Attraction
* Fatal Attraction
* Does attraction equal liking?
Forces of Human Attraction:
* Definition of “liking”
* Reciprocal Liking
* Physical Attractiveness
* Social Isolation
* Knapp’s Coming together stages – [Relationships are a linear process] * Initiating