Chapter 1 (Organized Labor and the management Community
-Many employees today view unions as not being only too strong but also outmoded and unwanted by workers. -The right of workers to unionize and bargain collectively, free of employer restraint or coercion has been protected by statute since the mid-1930s -Many unions now have been completely accepted
- The State of the unions today
- American federation of labor congress of industrial organizations- Unions representing 65 percent of the United States
1) Where Unionized workers are and are not
Concentration of unionism
-Close to 40 percent of all employees in federal state and local governments are now in ranks of unions with local government workers and almost 42 percent which is the highest unionized rate. Second on the list with just under 35 percent is protective service workers. Then around 13 percent for construction and manufacturing. -35 percent of the nation’s blue collar workers which are primarily in nature continue to be represented by unions. -Six states which are California, New York, Illinois, Michigan, NJ and Pennsylvania account for more than half of all union members. -States and cities without large representation from these industries tend to show considerably lower figures. For example NC and SC less than 5 percent of the labor force belong to Unions. - Union strength is highly concentrated in areas that are strategic to out economy. - In 1956 the number of White Collar workers exceeded that of blue collar workers in the country for the first time in history.
Labors primary causes for concern because of the changing complexion of the U.S. workforce. 1) Inability to recruit white collar workers on any significant scale has been primarily responsible for the slippage from representing 35 percent of the labor force in 1959 and 20 percent in 1983. Reasons: The public in recent years has been inundated with news of seemingly irresponsible union strikes and bad settlements, criminality and so on. This poor image of the labor movement as conveyed by the media have alienated hundreds of thousands of potential white collar union joiners. -Conflict is what makes the headlines and the large majority of good negotiations go unnoticed but the few strikes are the hit for journalism which hinders the union movement. General properties of white collar workers
-White collar workers have felt superior to their blue collar counterpart and feel that joining a union may make them less prestige -White collar workers see more opportunity to advance while many blue collar workers are typically limited to advancement. -Women make up more white collar jobs and in history women have notoriously been poor candidates of unionism. -Many white collar workers feel they will benefit more from individual bargaining than collective.
-Few non unionist are entirely unaware that in the organized construction sector that by 2008 they were adding $6 per hour and more to the ages of skilled craft workers -As the gap of the blue and white collar workers begin to widen more and more there will be a greater willingness to consider union membership. - The growing presence of these hign states better educated federal civil servants and state employees in union workers may erode the older images in time. -But whether this psychological change will be sufficient in itself to win over more than a fraction of white collar workers is not known.
Changing of White collar employment working conditions
-Individuality of the white collar worker is slowly disappearing. The reason for this is there has been an accelerating trend towards organizational bigness combining with the demands of tech efficiency rather than allowing them to stay as individuals. -White collar workers sense of self actualization will also evaporate to the point of rendering them far more susceptible to the union organizer....