Cnps 365 Midterm 1 Notes

Topics: Meaning of life, Psychoanalysis, Psychotherapy Pages: 12 (3945 words) Published: March 31, 2013
Chapter 4 & 5

Psychoanalytic Therapy

Sigmund Freud.
Freuds psychoanalytical system = model of personality development, approach to psychotherapy •Often a benchmark used for other theories
Freudian view of human nature = deterministic
Behaviour determined by irrational forces, unconscious motivations 0biological/instinctual drives, evolve through key psycho sexual stages in first 6 years of life •Instincts central
Libido = energy of all life instincts
Libido, source of motivation that encompasses sexual energy but goes beyond it •Both sexual and aggressive drives are powerful determinants of why people act as they do •Psychoanalytical view – three systems for personality: id, ego, superego •Id = biological, ego = psychological, superego = social

Humans = energy systems
Id, original system of personality, at birth person is all id. Primary source of psychic energy and seat of instincts. Blind, demanding, insistent, lacks organization. Cannot tolerate tension and discharges tension immediately. Ruled by pleasure principle (reducing tension, avoid pain, gain pleasure). Id is Illogical, amoral, satisfy instinctual needs, never matures. Doesn’t think, acts or wishes, largely unconscious. •Ego governs, controls, regulates personality. Controls consciousness and exercises censorship. Realistic and logical thinking, formulates plans of acitons for satisfying needs. Ego checks and controls blind impulses of id, ego distinguishes between mental images and things in external world. •Superego is judical branch of personality. Includes moral code, main concern of whether action is good/right/wrong/bad. Superego reprents values/ideals of society as they are handed down from generations. Inhibits the id impulses, to persuade ego to substitute moralistic goals for realistic ones and to strive for perfection. Supergego related to psychological rewards and punishments •Dreams, slips of tongue and forgetting, posthypnotic suggestions, material derived from free-association techniques, material derived from projective techniques, symbolic content of psychotic symptoms all represent unconscious. •Unconscious stores experiences memory and repressed material •Aim of psychoanalytic therapy is to make unconscious motives conscious. •Anxiety – feeling of dread from repressed feelings, memories, desires, and experiences •Anxeity develops from conflicts amongst id,ego, and super ego. •Anxeity warns of impending danger

3 Types of anxiety, reality, neurotic, moral
Reality anxiety – fear of danger from external world
Neurotic and moral anxiety evoked by threats to balance of power within person •Neurotic anxiety is fear that instinct will get out of hand •Moral anxiety is fear of ones conscience
Ego-defense mechanisms cope with anxiety, prevent ego from being overwhelmed. •Defense mechanisms either deny/distort reality, or operate on unconscious level •Psychosexual stages = Freudian development

Typical defense mechanisms: Repression, Denial, Reaction formation, Projection, Displacement, Rationalization, Sublimation, Regression, Introjection, Identification, Compensation •Freuds psychosexual stages of development: oral stage, anal stage, phallic, stage •Oral stage – inability to trust self na others = fear of loving, close relationships, low self-esteem •Anal stage – inability to recognize and express anger, leads to denial of ones power and lack of sense of autonomy •Phallic stage, inability to fully accept ones sexuality and sexual feelings, difficult to accept self as man or woman. All done within first 6 years of life, Oral(0-1), Anal (1-3) Phallic(3-6). First 6 years are foundation, if needs not met during development may become psychologically immature •Erikson’s Psychosocial Perspective

Psychosexual + psychosocial development occurs together, each stage of life, faced with task of establishing equilibrium. •Crisis = turning point with potential to move forward or regress •...
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