Clcv 116 Study Guide

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HISTORY Early Period: Aeneas is a Tojan prince who found a new homeland in Italy for his followers, which later became known as Rome. Alba was found by Ascanius. Ascanius is Aeneas’s young son by his first wife, Creusa and he is most important as a symbol of Aeneas’s destiny—his future founding of the Roman race. Though still a child, Ascanius has several opportunities over the course of the epic to display his bravery and leadership. Brutus was a Roman Senator during the late Republic. Though close to Julius Caesar, who thought very highly of him, Brutus' strong and political convictions led him to act against his friend (who had been named dictator for life) with a group of men known as the Liberators. On March 15, 44 B.C. (the Ideas of March), they stabbed Caesar to death in the Senate. Cincinnatus was Roman farmer who acted like a dictator when his country was in need of food. He gained fame as a model of Roman virtue. Evander is king of Pallanteum (a region of Arcadia, in Italy) and father of Pallas. Curatii is the name of the triplet brothers who fought the Horatii brothers, they were from Alba. They ended up losing the battle and dying. Horatii is the name of the triplet brothers who fought the Curatii brothers, they were from Rome. They ended up winning the battle. Horatius Cocles was a legendary Roman hero, defended the bridge across the Tiber when the city was attacked by the Etruscans. Latinus is the king of the Latins, the people of what is now central Italy, around the Tiber River. He respects the gods and fate, but does not hold strict command over his people. Lavinia is Latinus’s daughter and a symbol of Latium in general. Lavinium - according to Roman mythology, which links Lavinium more securely to Rome, the city was named by Aeneas in honor of Lavinia, daughter of Latinus, king of the Latins, and his wife, Amata. Aeneas reached Italy and there fought a war against Turnus, the leader of the local Rutuli people. He did not find Rome but Lavinium,...
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