COMMUNITY BASED CORRECTIONS
Chapter 7 – Treatment Theory and Practice
Read Chapter 7 pages 163– 191, answer the following questions and submit them to your instructor.
1. What is theory? A theory is part of an explanation- a statement about the relationship between two classes of phenomena that permits us to better understand our environment, that helps to explain events by organizing them in the world so that they can be placed in perspective. 2. What are the psychic phenomena that develop during the stages of psychosexual development? Freud postulated unconscious processes in the stages of psychological development that, although not directly observable, where inferred from case studies with patients. He divided mental phenomena into three groups. Conscious, Preconscious, Unconscious, 3. According to psychoanalytic theory, how is crime related to the superego? Criminal behavior is related to the superego function a result of which is actors relationship to parents during the development years.
4. What are the advantages of group work over the more traditional one-to-one treatment methods? Group work enables individuals to helps others. This may also show others that there is hope and also shows that person has progressed.
5. What is cognitive skills training? Emphasizes the importance of problem solving skills that can be applied to a variety of problem situations. 6. How does Merton’s theory of anomie explain criminal behavior? Crime viewed as a basically utilitarian adaption to the anomic situation. 7. How does Sutherland’s theory of differential association explain...