Chris Argyris

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Chris Argyris's Immaturity-Maturity Theory
In a departure from the strict stage approach, well known organisational behaviour theorist Chris Argyris has identified specific dimensions of the human personality as it develops. Argyris proposes that a human personality rather than going through precise stages, progresses along a continuum from immaturity as an infant to maturity as an adult. However, at any age, people can have their degree of development plotted according to the seven dimensions as shown in the following table : THE ARGYRIS IMMATURITY-MATURITY CONTINUUM

Immaturity Characteristics| Maturity Characteristics|
Passivity| Activity|
Dependence| Independence|
Few ways of behaving| Diverse behaviour|
Shallow interests| Deep interests|
Short-time perspective| Long-time perspective|
Subordinate position| Super ordinate position|
Lack of self awareness| Self awareness and control|
Argyris has very carefully pointed out that this model does not imply that all persons reach or strive for all dimensions on the mature end of the continuum. He has further explained that : ( i ) The seven dimensions represent only one aspect of the total personality. Much also depends upon the individual's perception, self concept and adaptation and adjustment. (ii) The seven dimensions continually change in degree from the infant to the adult end of the continuum. (iii) The model, being only a construct, cannot product specific behaviour. However, it does provide a method of describing and measuring the growth of any individual in the culture. (iv) The seven demenions are based upon latent characteristics of the personality, which may be quite different from the observable behaviour. In contrast to the theories of Freud and Erikson, Argyris's Immaturity-maturity Model of personality is specifically directed to the study and analysis of organisational behaviour. Argyris assumes that the personalities of organisational employees can be generally...
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