Policies and procedures for child protection and safeguarding are the result of the children’s act 1989. Which then lead to the children’s act 2004 which then introduced further changes to the way the child protection system is structured and organised. The main current legislation, guidelines policies and procedures for safeguarding are The Children Act 1989. This was designed to help keep children safe and well and, if necessary, help a child to live with their family by providing services appropriate to the child's needs. The Act, implemented for the most part on 14 October 1991, introduced comprehensive changes to legislation in England and Wales affecting the welfare of children. The Act reinforces the autonomy of families through definition of parental Responsibility. Provides support from local authorities, in particular for families whose children are in need and legislates to protect children who may be suffering or are likely to suffer significant harm (NSPCC 2000). The main aims of the Act are: • To bring together private and public law in one framework; • To achieve a better balance between protecting children and enabling parents to challenge state intervention; • To encourage greater partnership between statutory authorities and parents; • To promote the use of voluntary arrangements;
• To restructure the framework of the courts to facilitate management of family proceedings.
The Children Act 2004 is a United Kingdom act that was passed on 15 November 2004. The Act was an amendment of the Children Act 1989 as it was clear that there were shortfalls in the previous act particularly in the lack of collaboration between agencies to identify and protect vulnerable children. This was largely identified in consequence of the Victoria Climbié inquiry (lambing 2003). It aims to improve and integrate children’s services, promote early intervention, provide strong leadership and bring together different professionals in multi-disciplinary teams in order achieve positive outcomes for children and young people and their families. Local authorities are given a lead role in securing the co-operation of partners in setting up children’s trust arrangements and the Act allows some flexibility in how these are structured and organised. The Act also aims to improve effective local working to safeguard and promote children’s wellbeing. The Act takes a child-centred approach and includes universal as well as targeted and specialist services. Part of the aim of integration of services, plans and information is to enable young people’s needs to be identified early to allow timely and appropriate intervention before needs become more acute (NSPCC 2000). The success of local implementation will be assessed by the achievement of the Every Child Matters outcomes for children and young people
Every Child Matters is a UK government initiative that was launched in 2003, at least partly in response to the death of Victoria Climbié. It is one of the most important policy initiative and development programmes in relation to children and children's services of the last decade, and has been described as a "sea of change" to the children and families agenda(Barker 2009). It has been the title of three government papers, leading to the Children Act 2004. Every Child Matters covers children and young adults up to the age of 19, or 24 for those with disabilities. Its main aims are for every child, whatever their background or circumstances, to have the support they need to: * Be healthy
* Stay safe
* Enjoy and achieve
* Make a positive contribution
* Achieve economic well-being
Each of these themes has a detailed framework attached whose outcomes require multi-agency partnerships working together to achieve (cheminais 2008). The agencies in partnership may include children's centres, early years, schools, children's social work services, primary and secondary health services,...