Chc2D Wwii Terms and Definitions

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Unit Three: World War II

Axis – Axis powers included Germany, Italy and Japan

Allies – One that is allied with another, especially by treaty

Fascism – a political philosophy, movement, or regime (as that of the Fascisti) that exalts nation and often race above the individual and that stands for a centralized autocratic government headed by a dictatorial leader, severe economic and social regimentation, and forcible suppression of opposition

Democracy – a government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised by them directly or indirectly through a system of representation usually involving periodically held free elections

Communism – a totalitarian system of government in which a single authoritarian party controls state-owned means of production

Propaganda – the spreading of ideas, information, or rumor for the purpose of helping or injuring an institution, a cause, or a person

Holocaust – the mass slaughter of European civilians and especially Jews by the Nazis during World War II

Genocide – the deliberate and systematic destruction of a racial, political, or cultural group

Anti-Semitism – hostility toward or discrimination against Jews as a religious, ethnic, or racial group

Concentration Camp – a camp where persons (as prisoners of war, political prisoners, or refugees) are detained or confined

Pacifist – strongly and actively opposed to conflict and especially war

Appeasement – to bring to a state of peace or quiet

Non-Aggression Pact – A non-aggression pact is a national treaty between two or more states/countries agreeing to avoid war or armed conflict between them and resolve their disputes through peaceful negotiations. Sometimes such a pact may include a pledge of avoiding armed conflict even if participants find themselves fighting third countries, including allies of one of the participants.

War Measures Act – The War Measures Act was a statute of the Parliament of Canada that provided...
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