Chapters 16 and 17 Ap World Notes

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Chapter 16

After the collapse of the Guptas in the 5th century, there is no reunification until the 16th century There is no central, imperial authority
Politics and Kingdoms of North India
Harsha (reigned 606-648), a scholarly Buddhist emperor temporarily reunites northern Indian in the 7th century Umayyad forces capture Sind in NW India (711), later Sing passes to Abbasid control Mahmud of Ghanzi from Afghanistan plunders North India 17 times from 1001-1024

-His plunders hastens decline of Buddhism in its hearth
-His successors place North India under Islamic rule and call in the Sultanate of Delhi (1206-1526)
Politics and Kingdoms of Southern India
Southern kingdoms follow a different path
Chola Kingdom (850-1267)
-Gained wealth and dominance through trade (South China to Arabian Sea) Kingdom of Vijayanagar (1336-1565)
-The sultanate of Delhi sent two brothers, Harihala and Bukka, to the south to implement Delhi rule
-Instead, they established themselves as independent rulers
-Both gave up Islam, went back to Hinduism, allowing it to flourish and dominate the south Production and Trade in the Indian Ocean Basin
Monsoons caused need for complex irrigation in arid Southern India Hindu temples serves as financial social and agricultural centers and facilitators of trade Central location in Indian Ocean basin made India a natural site for emporia and warehouses Kingdom of Axum in east Africa replaces Kush as dominant power, converts to Christianity and greatly benefits from Indian Ocean trade Caste system becomes more complex (jati) and establishes itself in Southern Indian through trade Bhakti movement: a cult of love and devotion that sought to erase the distinction between Hinduism and Islam Kingdom of Funan

-A land based agricultural society
-Worshipped Shiva and Vishnu
Kingdon of Srivijaya
-Dominates trade between China and India
-Deeply Buddhist
Kingdom of Angkor
-Native Khmers build capital at Angkor Thom, Shows deep...
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