Chapter 4 Notes Ap World History

Topics: Arabic language, Islamic Golden Age, Abbasid Caliphate Pages: 2 (746 words) Published: October 10, 2012
Chapter 7 Terms
Al-Mahdi- 775-785 CE, 3rd Abbasid caliph tried but failed to reconcile Shi'a to Abbasid rule and failed to resolve succession problem Harun al-Rashid- Great Abbasid ruler
Buyids- 10th century Dynasty that invaded and captured Baghdad. Ruled Abbasid Empire under title of sultan and kept Abbasids as figureheads Seljuk Turks- Central Asian nomadic invaders. Sunnis who ruled in name of Abbasid caliphs from 11th century CE Crusades- Military adventures launched by western Christians to free Holy Land from Muslims. Temporarily captured Jerusalem and established Christian kingdoms Salah-uh-Din- 12th century CE Muslim leader. Conquered most crusader outposts Ibn Khaldun- 1332-1406 century CE. Muslim historian. Developed concept that dynasties of nomadic conquerors have cycle of 3 generations - strong, weak, and dissolute Shah-Nama- Written by Firdawsi in 10th-11th century CE. Tells history of Persia from creation to Islamic conquests Omar Kayyam-

Al-Razi- Classified material divided into 3 categories - animal, vegetable, mineral Al-Biruni- 11th century CE scientist who calculated specific weight of 18 major minerals Al-Ghazali- 1058-1111 century CE Islamic theologian. Tried to fuse Greek and Qur'anic traditions. It is not entirely accepted by ulama Sufis- Muslim holy men

Mongols- Central Asian nomads who smashed Turko-Persian kingdoms and captured Baghdad in 1258 century CE and killed last Abbasid caliph Muhammad ibn Qasim- Arab general who conquered Sind in India and declared region and Indus valley as part of Umayyad Empire Mahmud of Ghazni- 3rd ruler of Turkish slave dynasty in Afghanistan. Led north India invasions and sacked wealthy Hindu temple in northern India. Also gave Muslims reputation for intolerance and aggression Bhaktic- Hindu groups dedicated to gods/goddesses. Stressed strong emotional bond between devotee and worshipped god. Shiva and Vishnu most widely worshipped

1. What factors led to the decline and collapse of...
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • AP World History Chapter 13 questions Essay
  • AP World History Chapter 32: Reading Guide Essay
  • World History AP outline chapter 2 Essay
  • chapter 3 questions AP world history Research Paper
  • AP world history Essay
  • World History Chapter 13 Section 4 Outline Essay
  • AP World History DBQ Essay
  • Ap World History Chapter 14 Outline Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free