Chapter 28: the Islamic Empires

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Chapter 28: The Islamic Empires

Osman Bey: The founder of the dynasty that continued in unbroken succession until the dissolution of the empire. He was chief of a band of semi-nomadic Turks who migrated to northwestern Anatolia.

Ghazi: What all Osman followers wanted to become, otherwise known as Muslim religious warriors.

Ottomans: Those who were located on the borders of the Byzantine empire and followed Osman Bey. They captured the Anatolian city of Bursa and made it their capital. Their formidable military machine drove them to expansion.

Devshirme: Required by the Ottomans for the Christian population of the Balkans to contribute young boys to become slaves of the sultan. Those boys received special training, learned Turkish, and converted to Islam.

Janissaries: Those who became soldiers. They quickly gained a reputations for esprit de corps, loyalty to the sultan, and readiness to employ new military technology.

Mehmed the Conqueror: He worked energetically to stimulate his lands role as a commercial center. He presented himself not just as a warrior-sultan but as a true emperor, ruler of the Europe and Asia along with the Black sea and Mediterranean. Laying foundations for a rightly centralized, absolute monarchy.

Hagia Sophia: Hagia Sophia is a former Orthodox patriarchal basilica, later a mosque, and now a museum in Istanbul, Turkey.

Istanbul: The new Ottoman capital, where Mehmed worked energetically to stimulate its role as a commercial center.

Suleyman the Magnificent: He vigorously promoted Ottoman expansion. He conquered Baghdad and added the Tigris and Euphrates valleys to the Ottoman domain. Under his power the Ottomans became a major naval power.

Safavids: Shah Ismail’s family, they changed their religious preferences several times in the hope of gaining popular support before settling on Shiism.

Babur: A Chaghatai Turk who claimed descent from both Chinggis Khan and Tamerlane. They made little pretense to be...
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