Africa chapter 20
• Factories: forts and trading posts with resident merchants. • El Mina (1482): Most important factory in the heart of gold-producing region of the forest zone. • Nzigna Mvemba (r. 1507-1543): Ruler of Kongo. With help of missionaries brought the whole kingdom to Christianity. • Luanda: Permanent settlement of the Portuguese established in the south of the Kongo in the 1570s. Basis for Portuguese colony of Angola. • Royal African Company: Charted in 1660s to establish a monopoly over the slave trade among British Merchant; supplied African slaves to colonies in Barbados, Jamaica, and Virginia. • Indies Piece: Term used within the complex exchange system established by the Spanish for African trade; referred to the value of an adult slave male. • Triangular trade: Commerce linking Africa, the New World colonies, and Europe; slaves carried to America for sugar and tobacco transported to Europe. • Asante Empire: Established in Gold Coast among Akan people settled around Kumasi; dominated by Oyoko clan; many clans linked under Osei Tutu after 1650. • Osei Tutu (1675-1717): Member of Oyoko clan of Akan peoples in Gold Coast region of Africa; responsible for creating unified Asante Empire in 1701; utilized Western firearms. • Dahomey: Kingdom developed among Fon or Aja peoples in 17th century; under King Agaja expanded to control coastline and port of Whydah by 1727; accepted Western firearms and goods in return for African Slaves. • Great Trek: Movement of Boer settlers in Cape Colony of southern Africa to escape influence of British colonial government in 1834; led to settlement of regions north of Orange River and Natal. • Mfecane: Wars of 19th century in southern Africa; created by Zulu expansion under Shaka; revolutionized political organization of southern Africa. • Swazi: New African state formed on model of Zulu chiefdom; survived mfecane. • Lesotho: Southern African state that survived mfecane; not based on Zulu model; less emphasis on...
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