Chapter 15: The Postwar Upsurge of Nationalism

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"Nullies" in the South
The state legislature of South Carolina called for the Columbia Convention. The delegates of the convention called for the tariff to be void within South Carolina. The convention threatened to take South Carolina out of the Union if the government attempted to collect the customs duties by force. •Henry Clay introduced the Tariff of 1833. It called for the gradual reduction of the Tariff of 1832 by about 10% over 8 years. By 1842, the rates would be back at the level of 1816. •The compromise Tariff of 1833 ended the dispute over the Tariff of 1832 between the South and the White House. The compromise was supported by South Carolina but not much by the other states of the South. The Trail of Tears

Jackson's Democrats were committed to western expansion, but such expansion meant confrontation with the Indians who inhabited the land east of the Mississippi. •The Society for Propagating the Gospel Among Indians was founded in 1787 in order to Christianize Indians. •The five civilized tribes were the Cherokees, Creeks, Choctaws, Chickasaws, and Seminoles. President Jackson wanted to move the Indians so the white men could expand. •In 1830, Congress passed the Indian Removal Act. It moved more than 100,000 Indians living east of the Mississippi to reservations west of the Mississippi. The five "civilized" tribes were hardest hit. •Black Hawk, who led Sauk and Fox braves from Illinois and Wisconsin, resisted the eviction. •The Seminoles in Florida retreated to the Everglades, fighting for several years until they retreated deeper into the Everglades. The Bank War

President Andrew Jackson despised the Bank of the United States because he felt it was very monopolistic. •The Bank of the United States was a private institution, accountable not to the people, but to its elite circle of investors. The bank minted gold and silver coins. Nicholas Biddle, the president of the Bank of the United States, held an immense and...
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