CHAPTER 15: THE FERMENT OF REFORM AND CULTURE
Alexis de Tocqueville, The Age of Reason, Deism, Unitarians, Second Great Awakening, Camp Meetings, Charles Grandison Finney 43.
In what ways did religion in the United States become more liberal and more conservative in the early decades of the 19th century?
Burned-Over-District, Millerites (Adventists)
What effect did the Second Great Awakening have on organized religion?
A Desert Zion in Utah
Joseph Smith, Book of Mormon, Brigham Young
What characteristics of the Mormons caused them to be persecuted by their neighbors?
Free Schools for a Free People
Three R's, Horace Mann, Noah Webster, McGuffey's Readers 46.
What advances were made in the field of education from 1820 to 1850?
Higher Goals for Higher Learning
University of Virginia, Oberlin College, Mary Lyon, Lyceum, Magazines 47.
In what ways did higher education become more modern in the antebellum years?
An Age of Reform
Sylvester Graham, Penitentiaries, Dorthea Dix
How and why did Dorthea Dix participate in the reform movements?
Demon Rum--The "Old Deluder"
American Temperance Society, Neil S. Dow, Maine Law of 1851 49.
Assess the successfulness of the temperance reformers.
Women in Revolt
Spinsters, Alexis de Tocqueville, Cult of Domesticity, Catherine Beecher, Lucretia Mott, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, Elizabeth Blackwell, Margaret Fuller, Sarah and Angelina Grimke, Amelia Bloomer, Seneca Falls, Declaration of Sentiments 50.
Describe the status of women in the first half of the 19th century.
Utopias, New Harmony, Brook Farm, Oneida Community, Complex Marriage, Shakers 51.
In what ways were utopian communities different from mainstream America?
The Dawn of Scientific Achievement
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