. Chapter 13: Endocrine System

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Shier, Butler, and Lewis: Hole’s Human Anatomy and Physiology, 12th ed. Chapter 13: Endocrine System

Chapter 13: Endocrine System

I. Introduction and

II. General Characteristics of the Endocrine System

(Outcome 13.1, 13.2, 13.3) A. The endocrine glands secrete. (Outcome 13.1, 13.2, 13.3) B. Hormones diffuse from ________________________ into ___________________ and eventually act on.

(Outcome 13.2, 13.4) C. Paracrine secretions are.
(Outcome 13.2, 13.4) D. Autocrine secretions are.
(Outcome 13.2, 13.4) E. Exocrine glands secrete substances into. (Outcome 13.2, 13.4) F. Endocrine glands and their hormones control .
(Outcome 13.1, 13.2, 13.3, 13.4) G. Endocrine hormones also play vital roles in .
(Outcome 13.2) H. The larger endocrine glands are
.

III. Hormone Action

A. Introduction
(Outcome 13.3, 13.5) 1. Hormones are released into .
(Outcome 13.3, 13.5) 2. They diffuse into __________ and are carried .
B. Chemistry of Hormones
1. Introduction
(Outcome 13.1, 13.5) a. Most hormones are. (Outcome 13.1, 13.5) b. Nonsteroid hormones include .
2. Steroid Hormones
(Outcome 13.5) a. Steroids are.
(Outcome 13.5) b. Examples of steroid hormones are. 3. Nonsteroid Hormones
(Outcome 13.5) a. Examples of hormones called amines are .
(Outcome 13.5) b. Protein hormones are composed of. (Outcome 13.5) c. Examples of protein hormones are .
(Outcome 13.5) d. Hormones called glycoproteins are produced by .
(Outcome 13.5) e. Peptide hormones are.
(Outcome 13.5) f. Peptide hormones come from .
(Outcome 13.5) g. Prostaglandins areand are produced.
C. Actions of Hormones
1. Introduction
(Outcome 13.6) a. Hormones exert their effects by .
(Outcome 13.6) b. The more receptors the hormone binds on its target cell, the greater .
(Outcome 13.6) c. Up-regulation is .
2. Steroid Hormones and Thyroid Hormones
(Outcome 13.6) a. Steroid and thyroid hormones are insoluble in _______ but are soluble in.
(Outcome 13.6) b. Steroid and thyroid hormones can diffuse. (Outcome 13.6) c. Once steroid and thyroid hormones are inside a cell, they combine with

___________________ located.
(Outcome 13.6) d. The binding of a these hormones to the receptor usually

ora gene.
(Outcome 13.6) e. Activated genes code for. (Outcome 13.6) f. The new proteins may be
and they bring about cellular changes.
3. Nonsteroid Hormones
(Outcome 13.6) a. A nonsteroid hormone usually binds with receptors located
.
(Outcome 13.6) b. When a nonsteroid hormone binds to a membrane receptor, this causes the receptor’s activity site to. (Outcome 13.6) c. Receptor binding may alter .

(Outcome 13.6) d. A first messenger is.
(Outcome 13.6) e. Second messengers are.
(Outcome 13.6) f. Many hormones useas a second messenger.
(Outcome 13.6) g. G proteins are activated by. (Outcome 13.6) h. Adenylate cyclase is activated by. (Outcome 13.6) i. Adenylate cyclase...
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