Chapter 13

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CHAPTER 13: THE FEDERAL BUREAUCRACY
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Multiple Choice Questions

1. Which of the following elements are necessary for bureaucracy according to Max Weber? a. Hierarchical authority structure
b. Task specialization
c. Rules
d. Impersonality
e. All of these are necessary according to Weber.

2. Most Americans
a. are generally satisfied with the help they receive from bureaucrats. b. dislike bureaucrats.
c. actually like bureaucracies.
d. would like to work for a bureaucracy.
e. describe most bureaucrats as unwilling to serve their clients’ interests.

3. The Weberian model views bureaucracies as
a. promoting good monopolies.
b. loosely organized and loosely run.
c. largely self-serving.
d. efficient and necessary.
e. hindering democracy.

4. Which individual helped end the spoils system?
a. Abraham Lincoln
b. Andrew Jackson
c. Andrew Johnson
d. Charles Guiteau
e. Jimmy Carter

5. Patronage refers to
a. a system in which jobs and promotions are awarded for political reasons. b. a system in which jobs and promotions are awarded on the basis of desert. c. a system of hiring and firing based on the merit principle. d. the schedule for federal employees, ranging from GS 1 to GS 18, by which salaries can be keyed to rating and experience. e. an elite cadre of about 9,000 federal government managers at the top of the civil service system.

6. ____ systems are designed to hire and promote members of the bureaucracy on the basis of merit and to create a nonpartisan government service. a. Patronage
b. Civil service
c. Hatch
d. Civilian
e. Military

7. Which of the following requirements resulted from the Hatch Act? a. Civil service employees cannot actively engage in partisan politics while on duty. b. Civil service employees in sensitive positions, such as those in the area of national security, may only engage in political activities when off duty. c. No civil servants are permitted to make individual contributions to political campaigns. d. Civil servants are permitted to run for public office. e. Civil servants’ rights to free speech include the right to run for political office at any point in their career.

8. In referring to administrative policymakers as a “government of strangers,” Hugh Heclo was referring to a. their transience.
b. the fact that most last less than two years in their positions. c. the fact that most top officials rarely stay in their positions long enough to get to know their subordinates. d. Heclo was referring to all of these.

e. Heclo was referring to none of these.

9. The Department of the Treasury is a(n)
a. cabinet department.
b. independent regulatory commission.
c. government corporation.
d. government bank.
e. independent executive agency.

10. ________ are responsible for making and enforcing rules to protect the public interest in particular sectors of the economy, and for judging disputes over these rules. a. Government corporations

b. Independent regulatory commissions
c. Cabinet offices
d. Independent executive agencies
e. Blue ribbon commissions

11. The National Science Foundation is a(n)
a. government corporation.
b. independent regulatory agency.
c. cabinet office.
d. independent executive agency.
e. interest group.

12. The stage of policymaking involving the translation of goals and objectives of a policy into operating ongoing programs is called a. implementation.
b. agenda setting.
c. assessment.
d. evaluation.
e. standard operating procedure.

13. The authority of administrative actors to...
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