Chapter 10, 11, and 6 Notes

Topics: United States House of Representatives, Government, Politics Pages: 15 (4053 words) Published: November 13, 2013
10.1 Public Opinion
Public opinion: a mechanism that quantifies the various opinions held by the population or by subgroups of the population at a particular point in time The Relationship between Public Opinion and Public Policy

Public opinion should either= a great amount of involvement or a very little Elitism: the idea that a select few – better educated, more informed, more interested – should have more influence on government Historical Views: Founders diminished the connection between the broad public and the government; didn’t care about women or blacks, said they had no political power Saw the government as our guardian protecting us from ourselves Contemporary Considerations

Pluralism: idea that citizens should be informed and should participate in democratic decision making to ensure the health and vitality of the system Public participation is the basis for a healthy democracy

Public polls are an example of pluralism
Pluralism does not have an effect on gun control laws but it does on drug regulations The Relationship between Public Opinion and Fundamental Laws Personal liberties: broad agreement is the protection of personal liberties. “from” and “to” liberties allow us to be protected from things and be allowed to do things Individualism: an idea that citizens are able to take care of themselves with limited government assistance individual interests win out over community interests

Equality of opportunity: idea that each person should have a chance at success Equality of outcome: using government to ensure equality; government must work to diminish differences between individuals in society so that everyone is equal Equal Pay Act of 1963 required employers to pay men the same as they pay women 10.2 Stability of Political Beliefs

Political Culture: the norms, customs, and beliefs that help citizens understand appropriate ways to act in a political system; also shared attitudes of how the government should operate Shifts In Public Opinion

Previous shifts in American history:
British loyalists to Americans
Segregation to civil rights
Homophobia to supporting gay rights
Employment for women
They occur gradually
Cohort replacement: younger people replace older people and tend to have different opinions Impact of Popular Culture on Political opinions
Politics and Entertainment have become increasingly intertwined Catalyst-for-change theory: popular culture promotes change and shapes the independent attitudes and beliefs of the public. Public culture acts as a barometer of public attitudes: the media reflects our popular culture, not changes it Interactive Theory: theory that popular culture both changes and reflects social values and beliefs This is the theory that seems most logical and correct

Danica Patrick in NASCAR
10.3 Political Ideology
Political Ideology: a consistent set of basic beliefs about the proper purpose and scope of government Liberal: tend to support social and cultural change (especially in connection with issues on equality) and want an activist government that encourages change Conservative: tend to favor traditional beliefs on social, cultural, and economic matters and demand a more limited roll of government in most spheres Populists: believe that the government can be a positive agent to protect “common people” against the moneyed elite Libertarians: support individual liberty in economic, personal, and social realms over government authority 10.4 Political Socialization

Political Socialization: the conscious and unconscious transmission of political culture and values from one generation to another; the process by which people learn political information, organize political knowledge, and develop political values Agents of Political Socialization: factors that influence the acquisition of political facts an the formation of values Family

A strong agent of political socialization; the main place where children learn their social, moral, political, and...
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