Choose the answer that best completes the statement or answers the question.
1. How did Columbus react to the natives when he reached the Western Hemisphere? [A] He thought they were gullible fools.
[B] He thought they were descendants of earlier Viking explorers. [C] He thought they could be Christianized and become good servants. [D] He thought they were descendants of the lost tribe of Israel. [E] all of these
2. In general, European society in the sixteenth century was [A] hierarchical.[B] communistic.[C] egalitarian.
[D] matriarchal.[E] all of these
3. At the time of the first European contacts in the Western Hemisphere, peasants composed about what percentage of Europe’s population? [A] less than 10 percent[B] over 90 percent
[C] less than one percent[D] between 70 percent and 80 percent [E] between 40 percent and 50 percent
4. The Puritans wished to reform the Church of England by
[A] clearly distinguishing between the clergy and the congregation. [B] purging the church of Quaker influences.
[C] discouraging laypersons from interfering in church affairs. [D] reverting to purer Roman Catholic rituals.
[E] purifying it of Roman Catholic rituals.
5. The Puritan conversion experience required
[A] self-denial.[B] self-examination.[C] public profession of grace. [D] repentance.[E] all of these
6. In England, Puritanism’s primary appeal lay among the
[A] Catholic leadership, Spanish exiles, and Lutheran dissenters. [B] doctors, lawyers, and architects.
[C] desperate poor, social outcasts, and criminal classes. [D] titled nobility, military elite, and government bureaucracy. [E] shopkeepers, yeoman farmers, and university-educated intellectuals.
7. The West African empires prior to 1600
[A] were infested with tsetse flies and therefore unable to develop a state bureaucracy. [B] were generally warrior states with little inclination to develop agriculture. [C] engaged in vigorous trade, were Islamic, and were known for their wealth. [D] were ruled over by kings whose absolute political power was based on the ruthless use of force. [E] had no written language and no transportation infrastructure. 8. Which of the following is not true of both African and Indian religion? [A] Both venerated departed forebears as spiritual guardians. [B] Both placed great importance on practicing magic and placating spiritual powers. [C] Both believed in witches.
[D] Both recognized spiritual presences pervading nature.
[E] All of these are true.
9. Europeans’ attempts to preserve “reciprocity” included all the following conditions except [A] maintaining a “just price” that allowed the seller a reasonable standard of living but no more. [B] bans on dressing inappropriately relative to one’s social rank. [C] prohibitions against usury.
[D] converting jointly owned “commons” to private property. [E] an atmosphere of mutual watchfulness.
10. When people of sixteenth- and seventeenth-century Europe spoke of a “little commonwealth,” they were referring to [A] England.
[B] the mythical kingdom of Atlantis.
[C] the structure of African and Indian societies.
[D] the family unit and the role of fathers, mothers, and children within that unit. [E] the generally local focus of most political activity.
11. Which of the following sixteenth-century European religious groups was the most socially and politically radical? [A] Jesuits[B] Calvinists[C] Anabaptists[D] Lutherans [E] Quakers
12. Which of the following is not a legacy of the Reformation? [A] the major Christian traditions of America
[B] pursuit of wealth and replacement of traditional reciprocity with marketplace values [C] the ideas that all work is dignified and clergy have no special powers [D] a belief in the importance of reading
[E] a new crusading spirit in Europe
13. The group that wished to cleanse the Church of England of popish abuses was called the [A] Jesuits.[B] Lutherans.[C]...