Ch 23 Study Guide

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Ch. 23 Questions Name: ______________________
25 Points Due: Tuesday, May 7.

Mikhail Gorbachev (752) - president of the Soviet Union

Manuel Noriega (758) -panama’s dictator

Nelson Mandela (758) - leader of equality movement in S. Africa and the became president

Sandra Day O’Connor (747) - first female justice on the Supreme Court

Saddam Hussein (759) - Iraq’s ruthless dictator

➢ What was the catalyst for the rise in conservatism in the late 1970s and early 1980s? (740) Public discontent with liberal programs
➢ Provide four examples of Liberal philosophy: (741)
1) More Programs
2) More Freedom
3) Higher Taxes
4) More Social Programs
➢ Provide four examples of Conservative philosophy: (741) 1) Less Government
2) Lower Taxes
3) Strong Military
4) Moral Values

➢ What was the “New Right”? (741)
Conservative movement that was a coalition of several different groups with varying ideas and goals

➢ What was the result of the 1980 Presidential Election (744) Reagan won 90% electoral vote and 50.6% popular vote

➢ What question did Reagan ask on the campaign trail prior to the election? (744) “Are you better off than you were four years ago?”

➢ How did most people respond to that question? (744)
“No.”

➢ Once becoming President, Reagan compensated for cutting taxes by convincing Congress to do what? (746) Cut $40 billion from the federal budget

➢ Which percentage of Americans received the biggest benefit from the Economic Recovery Act of 1981? (745) The richest 1% of Americans

➢ Why did Gorbachev pursue glasnost and perestroika reforms? (752) Because the Soviet Union’s economy lay in shambles

➢ What was the Savings and Loan crisis? And how did the federal government respond to it? (746) 1,000 savings and Loan banks failed. The federal gov. spent $200 billion to bail out depositors at the failed banks

➢ What is the fundamental philosophy...
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