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Culture and ethics
Cebu city,
“The Queen City of the south”

Prepared by: Submitted to:
Judith Reyes Mrs. Linatoc
Jennelyn Hernandez

Cebu city,
The Queen City of the south

The capital of Cebu Island is Cebu City. Cebu City is the first Spanish settlement in the country and the oldest city in the country. Apart from being the “Queen City of the South,” Cebu City is now also tagged as the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) City of Culture.Famed for its historical landmarks, well-made guitars, tasty dried mangoes, and great seafood, Cebu City is the 10th Philippine City to gain such an honor.

Cebuanos Traits

Cebuanos are brave and intelligent people gifted with good looks and awesome COOLNESS! These traits have been with us even before the Spanish era. Before the Spaniards have shamelessly claimed our land, we already have our own culture, business, politics, and even unique and cool traditions.


The early Cebuanos are Animists (people who believe in Nature & Spirits) which I think is way cooler than the arrogant European explorers who forced their belief and traditions to us. It’s very unfortunate that in our country’s history, our early Filipinos were labeled as idiots and ignoramus by disrespectful colonizers. Even before the reign of the Spanish regime, we Cebuanos, are already traders, warriors, craftsmen, and politicians.

The Animist Cebuanos who pray to the spirits of the forest and the dead are not Pagans as what the colonizers forced everyone to believe. Animism is not the same as Paganism. Animists believe everything to be spiritual in nature while Pagans believe in the worship of many gods/goddesses.

The Tudruk and Sakra

Believe it or not, I am really amused with the Tudruk or Tugbuk (Penis Pin) and Sakra (Penis Ring) used by the early Cebuanos to add spice and excitement to their sexual lifestyle. Unfortunately, this practice of putting tudruk and...
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