Byu Health 041 Lesson 1 Notes

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compensation—doing well in one area to make up for doing poorly in another area rationalization—giving false reasons or making excuses for your behavior or feelings denial—not recognizing a particular feeling or problem

reaction-formation—not saying how you really feel; saying something contrary projection—putting your faults and problems onto another person; blaming others for your failure regression—acting in childish, immature ways

repression—removing an unpleasant idea or memory from your mind daydreaming—letting your thoughts escape into fantasy or make believe

What is your personal definition of health?
Answer
. Should include aspects of health in the physical, social, mental, emotional, and spiritual areas. Feedback: I like to think of health in terms of being able to do anything that I want to do and feeling good while I am doing it. I want to be free from mental and emotional baggage. I want to be able to worship in a manner I see fit. I want to be able to have relationships with family members and others, and keep in shape.

mood disorders. Please review the following list:
·Do you feel anxious without any obvious reason?
·Does your anxiety immobilize or terrify you?27
·Do you have extreme mood swings that go from being "high" to overly sad and hopeless?28 ·Do you have an extended depressed mood that interferes with your daily activities?29 ·Do you severely restrict your intake of calories? Do you purge after eating large amounts of food? Do you eat excessively when feeling stressed or depressed?30 ·(If you answer yes to this question, you may have an eating disorder. You will learn more about eating disorders in lesson 2.) ·Do you have recurring and unwanted impulses or ideas and a strong desire to ease the discomfort by doing something?31 ·Do you have difficulty differentiating between what is real and what is imagined?32 ·Are you trying to find relief using drugs or alcohol?

·Have people noticed a change in your behavior or performance? Depression is the most common mood disorder. Approximately seventeen out of one hundred people suffer from depression. It is more common in women, probably due to hormonal reasons. It is estimated that 50 percent of those who suffer from depression will not have a second bout of the disorder, while the other half will

·List eight symptoms of depression.
Answer: hopelessness, unhappiness, constant sadness, negative view of self, poor memory, insecurity, changes in appetite, sleeping disturbances. There are others - which could include a loss of energy, complaints of aches, pains, and other illnesses.

Self-esteem is how we think and feel about ourselves. It is influenced by our families, friends, media, and life experiences—both positive and negative.

Distress can be caused by problems with money, bad relationships, death of a loved one, injury or illness, poor grades, or difficulty at work

hormones that stimulate the adrenal glands to produce yet another hormone called adrenaline. Adrenaline is the first hormone that is produced to help us cope with new stressful situations. If we do get into long-term stress situations, the body will make cortisol. -- increased heart rate, breathing rate, muscle strength, perspiration, decreased digestion, decreased formation of urine.

flight or fight- http://is.byu.edu/courses/hs/HLTH-041-101/secure/imgs/Figure_1_3.jpg

Three Phases Of Stress
General Adaptation Syndrome, or GAS
Alarm
In the alarm phase, the moment stress is detected the sympathetic division of the nervous system starts to operate. It controls your heart rate, breathing, blood pressure, digestion, and hundreds of other functions. It is also the phase in which the fight-or-flight response occurs. The alarm phase is part of our biological heritage and has helped mankind survive over the years. For people your age, it can be triggered by calling up someone for a date, being insulted, or being physically threatened. The body will...
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