Black Political Thought

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1. Fredrick Douglass: Radical Egalitarian, former slave, abolitionist, orator, writer, statesman, anti-emigrationist, anti-colonialist -Oration Delivered in Corinthian Hall (online) → Fourth of July speech criticizing Americans for celebrating independence while preserving slavery -The Colonizationist Revival (p. 65)

-African Civilization Society (p. 76)

2. Martin Delaney: Black Nationalist (“nation within a nation”), abolitionist, emigrationist, journalist, physician, writer, advocate for black separatism -The Political Destiny of the Colored Race on the American Continent (p. 70)

3. Edward Bleyden: Father of Pan-Africanism, left U.S. to Liberia, advocate for the Back-to-Africa-movement

4. David Walker: Abolitionist, challenged racism, didn’t like the American Colonization Society, anti-slavery activist -An Appeal to the Coloured Citizens of the World (p. 87) = call for black unity and self-help in the fight against oppression and injustice through education and religion oCriticized American Colonization Society, Thomas Jefferson’s assertions of black inferiority

5. Ida B. Wells: Black Feminist, Radical Egalitarian, journalist who documented lynchings, advocate for women’s rights and suffrage, promoted political agitation/armed resistance/activism -“Iola” on Discrimination (p. 195)

-Southern Horrors: Lynch Law in All Its Phases (p. 203)

6. W.E.B. DuBois: Integrationist, co-founder of NAACP, critiqued Garvey and his Back-to-Africa-movement and Africa-for-Africans slogan; coined the terms “talented tenth” (referring to black intellectual elite who would advance the black race in America) and “double consciousness” (having two identities, one self-imposed and one externally-imposed…and the struggle to marry the two…being Black without being cursed//not giving up being black but also not giving up being American); Racial Uplift…what is racial uplift? -To the Nations of the World (p. 199)

-Manifesto of the Second Pan-African Congress (p. 283)
-Labor Ombia Vincit (p. 303)
-Close Ranks (p. 294)
-Returning Soldiers (p. 296)
-Of Mr. Booker T. Washington and Others (210)

7. Nation of Islam Black Nationalism, Cultural Nationalism, Black Supremacy, Malcolm X splinter, Elijah Muhammad, Louis Farrakhan

8. Marcus Garvey: Black Nationalist, Pan-Africanism advocate, Founder of UNIA, promoted Back-to-Africa-movement, Africa for Africans slogan, Garveyism (redemption of Africa…tenets: (1) race first (2) self-reliance (3) nationhood); Garvey was deported from the U.S.; met with KKK…because they had the same goal—getting blacks out of U.S. - Address to the Second UNIA Convention (p. 278)

9. UNIA: Universal Negro Improvement Association, largest Black organization ever, founded by Garvey

10. Libertarianism Individual rights, free economy/markets, laissez faire governance

11. Radical Egalitarianism Activism, they think American Liberalism ideology is right but implementation is wrong

12. Thomas Jefferson Within context of this class…he looks down on Blacks, he thinks they are inherently inferior and if they mix with Blacks they will be better; Benjamin Banneker→ Black PhD and surveyor architect

13. Black Vernacular Black cultural distinctiveness, the language itself, and colloquialism

14. Linked Fate Idea that if you do well as an individual, it constitutes as the race doing well as a whole; the election of Obama…the Black race finally succeeded

15. Black Public Sphere Black Counter public…Blacks had to have their own institutions, fraternities, colleges, etc.

16. Emmit Till He was killed for reportedly flirting with a white woman

17. Revolutionary Nationalism Spiritual renewal, return to Africa, think Whites are inherently racist •Revolutionary Nationalism → Place emphasis on Black Power and draw their philosophy from third world liberation movements (e.g. Castro, Che, Mao) and the idea that it is only through socialism can true equality exist in society. Economic...
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