Biology Review Packet

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Grassland (Savanna) The Grassland (Savanna) is nothing but grass, shrubs and isolated trees. The grasslands can be located between a tropical rain forest and a desert. Unlike the rainforest, the Savanna Grassland happens to not have enough rainfall to support a forest. Savanna’s especially are known to be tropical grasslands and are found on either side of the equator, right on the edges of the more tropical rainforests. Savanna’s are usually warm year round but not desert warm. The two seasons that conflict with each other are long dry, season known as winter and a very wet season, called summer. The only time the grassland is sort of cold or chilly is during the long dry, season known as winter. In winter it is usually about 68 to 78F. During the summer the average rainfall for the Savanna is about 15 to 25 inches of rain. In Africa, this rain begins around May of the year. During all this rainfall, it starts to get humid. The savanna climate has a temperature range of 68 to 86F. In the summer the temperature ranges from 78 to 86F. The temperatures in the savanna do not fluctuate too often and when they happen to change it is a gradual step up not a large change. The plants that are in the Savanna Grassland are Acacia Senegal, Baobab, Bermuda Grass, Candelabra Tree, Elephant Grass, Gum Tree Eucalyptus, Jackalberry Tree, Jarrah Tree, Kangaroo Paw, Manketti Tree, River Bushwillow, Umbrella Thorn Acacia, And the Whistling Thorn. The animals that are located in the Savanna are African Elephant, African Wild Dog, Black Mamba, Caracal, Chacma Baboon, Egyptian mongoose, Emu, Grant’s Zebra, Koala Bear, Lion, Nigriceps Ants, and the Nile crocodile. The plants that are placed in the savanna are designed to grow in places with droughts so they can still survive. The grasslands have adaptations that keep animals from trying to nibble on them; some grasses are too sharp or bitter...
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