Bio 102: Study Guide

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1) A hypothesis is 1) an educated guess based on observations, that is testable 2) Consider the following statement: "If all vertebrates have backbones, and turtles are vertebrates, then turtles have backbones." This statement is an example of 2) hypothesis 3) Which of the following statements about evolution is true? 3) 4) Life is organized in a hierarchical fashion. Which of the following sequences correctly lists that hierarchy from least inclusive to most inclusive? 4) 5) What is the difference between a tissue and an organ system? 5) 6) If you eat a hamburger, you are mainly eating ground-up beef muscle. What levels of organization are represented in this ground-up muscle? 6) 7) Kingdom Fungi includes species 7) under Eukarya, decompose dead organisms, obtain nutrients into cell 8) Which of the following statements about ecosystems is false? 8) 9) Which of the following statements about the domain Bacteria is true? 9) most diverse, widespread prokaryotes 10) Which of the following statements about the properties of life is false? 10) ________ 11) All organisms belonging to the kingdom Plantae 11) plants which produce their own food by photosynthesis 12) Your instructor asks you to look into your microscope to see a prokaryotic cell. You will be looking for a cell that 12) is single celled, lacking membrane-enclosed nucleus and other membrane enclosed organelles 13) Organisms that are prokaryotes are in the domains 13) Archaea, bacteria 14) An antibiotic kills 99.9% of a bacterial population. You would expect the next generation of bacteria 14) to be more resilient and adaptive to the antibiotic 15) Which of the following statements about genetics is true? 15) ________ 16) Which of the following is not an example of evolution that has resulted from human activity? 16) ________ 17) A scientist performs a controlled experiment. This means that 17) ________ 18) The role of a control in an experiment is to 18)have a basis for comparison for the other groups 19) Members of the kingdom Animalia 19)obtain food by ingestion so they eat other organisms 20) Which of the following statements regarding a common cellular activity is false? 20) New cells are derived from cellular components like organelles 21) The tree in your backyard is home to two cardinals, a colony of ants, a wasp's nest, two squirrels, and millions of bacteria. Together, all of these organisms represent 21)community 22) Which of the following best represents an example of technology? 22) 23) Which of the following statements is not consistent with Darwin's theory of natural selection? 23) competition between populations increase variation 24) In an ecosystem, energy 24) ________

25) You notice that over the past month, many students on campus have started wearing a new style of school sweatshirt. You think to yourself that perhaps the bookstore has recently started selling this new sweatshirt style. This prediction is an example of 25) ________ 26) Which of the following statements about acid precipitation is false? 26) ________ 27) A radioactive isotope is an isotope that 27) ________

28) A water molecule (H_O_H) is held together by 28) ________ 29) Medicines are often administered in pill form. In many cases, the active ingredient of the pill (the drug) is joined to another substance by ________. This forms a(n) ________, which is stable in the dry environment of a pill bottle but dissociates under the wet conditions of the digestive system to release the drug to the body. 29) ________ 30) Which of the following is dependent on the ability of water molecules to form hydrogen bonds with other molecules besides water? 30) ________ 31) A solution with a pH of 7 is 31) ________

32) The four most common elements in living organisms are 32) ________ 33) Clot formation in our blood can lead to a heart attack or stroke. What was altered in the proteins that made the clot? 33) ________ 34) Which of the following best describes the atomic number of an atom? 34)...
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