Bible

Topics: Bible, New Testament, Old Testament Pages: 6 (1032 words) Published: July 31, 2013
Bible
Etymology
It comes from the Greek word “ta biblia” (plural) “biblos” (singular) which means “scrolls” or books. - Is a partial record of the religious history of the real history of the Israelites and the effect of Jesus to those who experienced him. - Since Sacred Tradition; Bible were written in papyrus and were rolled together forming scrolls. - Other names: Holy Scripture or Word of God

- Book of History
• History of Israelites, chosen people
• History of Judeo – Christian Community
TWO DIVISIONS OF THE BIBLE
1. Old Testament (Hebrew Bible)
2. New Testament (Christian Bible)
Testament – comes from the Latin word “testamentum” or Greek “diatheke” meaning covenant or agreement SOURCES OF DIVINE REVELATION
1. Tradition (Oral & Written)
2. Scriptures
STAGES OF THE FROMATION OF SACRED SCRIPTURES
Stage 1: Actual Event
- The event that happened in human history that was described as religious experience or God intervening in their lives. Stage 2: Oral tradition
- The people transmit the events orally from one generation to the next. Stage 3: Writing of Scriptures
- In order to preserve the traditions, the people decided to put in writing Stage 4: Canonicity
- The books were declared as inspired
AUTHORS OF THE BIBLE
Primary: God
Secondary: Man (scribes, priest and wise men)
INERRANCY – the bible is divinely inspired. Therefore, it contains no error. CHAPTER AND VERSES
- IN 1226, Archbishop Stephen Langton of Canterbury divided the books into chapters. In 1551, the French printer, Robert Estienne (Stephamus), divided into verses. - [book] [chapter] : [verses]

OLD TESTAMENT
- Was written in Hebrew with a few words in Aramaic and it was translated in Greek (Septuagint) - Has 46 books or 45 if Jeremiah and Lamentation as one (Catholics) has 39 books for Protestants THREE DIVISIONS OF OT

1. Torah – law
2. Nebi’im – prophets
3. Ketubim – writings
OT MANUSRIPT
1. Masocretic Text (930-1009 AD)
- Its origin is the Hebrew term “masar” which means “to hand down”; refers to what is “handed down” or what is “traditional”. - Original Hebrew text of the Bible consisting of only 39 books and can be traced to the Jewish who were successors of the Pharisees during the time of Jesus. 2. Dead Sea Scroll (100 BC-100 AD)

- Oldest manuscript; discovered in 1947 in the deserted place of Quamram. They can be traced to the community of Essenes during the time of Jesus. 3. Septuagint (300-250 BC; 100-400 AD)
- it means 70 which is rounded number of the legendary 72 translators (6 from each 12 tribes of Israel in the 3rd century BC) - consists of 46 books
7 MAJOR STAGES IN THE HISTORY OF ISRAEL
1. Patristic Stage (1850 BC)
2. Exodus (1250 BC)
3. Tribal
4. Kingdom Period (1000 BC)
5. Divided Kingdom
6. Exile (587 BC)
7. Post Exilic Stage (539 BC)
CANON OF THE OT
1. Palestinian Cannon – written by Hebrew and used by the Jews of Palestine 2. Alexandrian Canon – written in Greek used by the Diaspora (Migration Jews) CLASSIFICATIONS OF THE OT
1. Pentateuch
- Literally means five jars / containers
- Also known as Torah meaning law or the five books of Moses - Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Deuteronomy, Number
2. Historical
- Depicting all the difficulties and hardship of the people and also their success and achievements. - Introduces us the different leaders of the nations throughout its long history a. Deuteronomist History

– depicts the occupation of the promise land, affliction from foreign neighbors, establishment of monarchy down to its division and downfall. • Joshua
• Judges
• Ruth
• 1&2 Samuel
• 1&2 Kings
b. History
- From the time of monarchy to exile up to liberation
• 1&2 Chronicles
• Ezra
• Nehemiah
c. Patriotic books
- Stories that contains strong sense of nationalism...
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