1 Christ – The Deity
The Third Sign (John 5:1–16)
The setting (John 5:1–5). “Some time later, Jesus went up to Jerusalem for the feast of the Jews. Now there is in Jerusalem near the sheep gate a pool, which in Aramaic is called Bethesda and which is surrounded by five covered colonnades. Here a great number of disabled people used to lie—the blind, the lame, and the paralyzed. For an angel went down at a certain season into the pool, and troubled the water: whosoever then first after the troubling of the water stepped in was made whole of whatsoever disease he had. One who was there had been an invalid for thirty-eight years.”
Begins the chapter with the familiar expression meta tauta “after this” lapse of time.
Feast of the Jews – this is the second Passover
(2:13; 5:1; 6:4 and 11:5).
Some say this is not a Passover.
In John 6:4 seems to indicate The Feast is the
Jesus goes up – Jerusalem is one of the
one of the highest places in Jerusalem.
John mentions two weeks in Samaria and Galilee but is silent for 50 weeks of the life of Jesus. WHY?
John is not writing a sequential chronology of the life
John is writing about a theological theses. John will write very selectively. After this miracle he will skip another 50 weeks.
Deut. 16:16. “Three times a year all your men must appear before the Lord your God at the place he will choose: at the Feast of Unleavened Bread, the Feast of Weeks, and the Feast of Tabernacles. No man should appear before the Lord empty- handed:”
Every male must go up for three feasts.
During Passover the population would swell to well over
1 million persons.
Pool today probably is the Bethesda pool but we are not absolutely sure.
It was the place were the lambs would be
cleaned before sacrifice. Sick people around a dirty pool.
The pool is though to be approximately 20’ x 30’ times two. The pool had 4 porches and one that was straight across the middle making 5.
It was bout 30’ down to the water with only one stair case about 24” wide. There was no way to be on the edge and slip into the water.
It is near the sheep gate, sheep are still sold near there.
Normally there would have been two or three hundred by the pool it is thought that at Passover time the number grew to
2 or 3 thousand people by the pool.
Bethesda – House of Mercy.
Verse 4 is not included in the NIV the scripture above is from the KJV. Some authorities claim it was added to the text at a later date.
It was added to explain a prevailing opinion of the people,
i.e., and A tradition that never happened.
Maybe it happened once and people kept
Maybe it happened once a year on a regular basis.
God deals in grace and relationship not
the first one in the pool.
Some say it was removed from the text for it supported pagan ideas concerning angels giving special powers to sacred rivers and streams.
Barclay, who is anti-miraculous, said a
subterranean stream caused the stirring.
There is no historical basis for this belief in verse 4. There is no recorded instance of a healing connected with the pool. And there is no recorded instance of any angel ever being involved in a miraculous healing.
A certain man – Jesus went there for one man. Why did He heal only one and not the multitude? The man had no hope.
Man – Israel
Five porches – the law that bears the sick but
does not heal them.
38 years – wandering in the wilderness.
Water – Christian baptism
The sign (John 5:6–9). “When Jesus saw him lying there and learned that he had been in this condition for a long time, he asked him, ‘Do you want to get well?’ ‘Sir,’ the invalid replied, ‘I have no one to help me in the pool when the water is stirred. While I am trying to get in, someone else goes down ahead of me.’ Then Jesus said to he, ‘Get up! Pick up your mat and walk.’ At once the man was cured; he picked up his...