Which was a fundamental problem with behaviorism?
Not all learning comes from direct rewards
Operant conditioning was not a valid form of learning
Behaviorist methods were subjective
None of the above
Which learning mechanism is based on rewarding and punishing voluntary behavior? a.
Which psychological theory maintains that the whole is greater than the sum of its parts? a.
The goal of structuralism was to understand the "content" of the mind by a.
synthesizing constituent parts of perceptions.
analyzing perceptions into their constituent parts.
observing responses to various stimuli.
evaluating other schools of thought to provide a "structure" for the new movement.
Adrian has Alzheimer’s Disease and has a difficult time with his memory. The doctors say that his memory difficulties in part are due to the low levels of __________. a.
The landmark experiment in which dogs salivate at the sight of the person who feeds them provides an example of a.
classically conditioned learning.
Ecological validity refers to the degree to which lab data hold true when altered to account for: a.
Ecological differences between the lab and the outside environment b.
The degree to which data gathered in the lab will apply outside the lab, given the influences of the environment on cognitive activity c.
The accuracy of predictions of how test subjects will react when placed in an environment with different ecological relationships d.
The effect of ecological changes on the behavior of organisms in the particular environment
Every individual in the population of interest has an equal chance of being selected for an experiment. This is the purpose of: a.
What symptoms would a patient with damage to the medulla oblongata area of the hindbrain demonstrate? a.
The patient might be experiencing short-term and long-term memory loss b.
The patient might not be able to sense pain
The patient might display irregular aggression patterns
The patient might experience heartbeat irregularity and possible breathing problems
Yaun participated in an experiment in which he saw various stimuli on a computer screen. After the experiment, Yaun was to provide feedback about what he thought was going on cognitively. This would be an example of a.
Sandy has a number of electrodes attached to her head. She is probably about tot participate in a study involving the use of a.
The key feature of experimental research that differentiates it from non-experimental approaches is a.
Signals between neurons occur when these chemical messengers transmit information from one neuron to the next across the synaptic gap. a.
Sonia lays in a hospital bed unable to wakeup. Scans of her brain show damage to the _____________ which is important for regulating overall level of consciousness/arousal. a.
Reticular activating system
The ______ is responsible for the formation of new memories. a.
The corpus callosum serves to
Make certain contralateral transmissions ipsilateral
Regulate the transmission of information along the cerebral cortex c.
Allow transmission of information between the left and right hemispheres d....
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