Behavioral Neuroscience Study Guide

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1.Which was a fundamental problem with behaviorism?
a.Not all learning comes from direct rewards
b.Operant conditioning was not a valid form of learning
c.Behaviorist methods were subjective
d.None of the above

2.Which learning mechanism is based on rewarding and punishing voluntary behavior? a.Classical Conditioning
b.Constructivism
c.Rehearsal
d.Operant conditioning

3.Which psychological theory maintains that the whole is greater than the sum of its parts? a.Associationism
b.Behaviorism
c.Gestalt psychology
d.Psychoanalytic psychology

4.The goal of structuralism was to understand the "content" of the mind by a.synthesizing constituent parts of perceptions.
b.analyzing perceptions into their constituent parts.
c.observing responses to various stimuli.
d.evaluating other schools of thought to provide a "structure" for the new movement.

5.Adrian has Alzheimer’s Disease and has a difficult time with his memory. The doctors say that his memory difficulties in part are due to the low levels of __________. a.Acetylcholine
b.Dopamine
c.Dratonin
d.Serotonin

6.The landmark experiment in which dogs salivate at the sight of the person who feeds them provides an example of a.classically conditioned learning.
b.instrumental learning.
c.social learning.
d.physiological psychology.

7.Ecological validity refers to the degree to which lab data hold true when altered to account for: a.Ecological differences between the lab and the outside environment b.The degree to which data gathered in the lab will apply outside the lab, given the influences of the environment on cognitive activity c.The accuracy of predictions of how test subjects will react when placed in an environment with different ecological relationships d.The effect of ecological changes on the behavior of organisms in the particular environment

8.Every individual in the population of interest has an equal chance of being selected for an experiment. This is the purpose of: a.Representative sample
b.Single-subject design
c.Random sample
d.Systematic sampling

9.What symptoms would a patient with damage to the medulla oblongata area of the hindbrain demonstrate? a.The patient might be experiencing short-term and long-term memory loss b.The patient might not be able to sense pain

c.The patient might display irregular aggression patterns
d.The patient might experience heartbeat irregularity and possible breathing problems

10.Yaun participated in an experiment in which he saw various stimuli on a computer screen. After the experiment, Yaun was to provide feedback about what he thought was going on cognitively. This would be an example of a.naturalistic observation

b.individual observation
c.case study
d.self-report

11.Sandy has a number of electrodes attached to her head. She is probably about tot participate in a study involving the use of a.fMRI
b.PET
c.ERPs
d.CT Scan

12.The key feature of experimental research that differentiates it from non-experimental approaches is a.Ecological Validity
b.Introspection
c.Correlation
d.Control

13.Signals between neurons occur when these chemical messengers transmit information from one neuron to the next across the synaptic gap. a.Synapse
b.Hormones
c.Neurobinders
d.Neurotransmitters

14.Sonia lays in a hospital bed unable to wakeup. Scans of her brain show damage to the _____________ which is important for regulating overall level of consciousness/arousal. a.Corpus callosum

b.White matter
c.Reticular activating system
d.Frontal cortex

15.The ______ is responsible for the formation of new memories. a.Thalamus
b.Hippocampus
c.Hypothalamus
d.Aphasia

16.The corpus callosum serves to
a.Make certain contralateral transmissions ipsilateral
b.Regulate the transmission of information along the cerebral cortex c.Allow transmission of information between the left and right hemispheres d....
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