Beat the Gmat

Topics: Grammatical number, Collective noun, Measure word Pages: 34 (7522 words) Published: December 10, 2012
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760 GMAT!!
These notes were compiled by Spiderman, a member of the TestMagic Forum and the Sentence Correction forum. The vast majority of these notes were compiled from the various postings of the TestMagic Forum members, including explanations made by Erin, but some notes were taken from other sources, including “Spidey’s” own notes. A large part of the document was copied from and retains the original HTML layout and format of the source.

Spidey ended up scoring 760 on the GMAT!! How’s that to motivate you to study, eh??
Erin (of TestMagic) and “Spidey” have agreed to share these notes in the hopes that they will help others reach their dream score.
Feel free to redistribute the document freely, but please honor the original copyrights and attributions.

Not/But vs. rather than
The key here is to realize that not... but... is conjunction. We use conjunctions when we want to join things that are "linguistically equivalent." Help much? No, probably not. How about some examples?

Pucci is not a dog but a cat.

Not Todd but Taka will be studying with us today.

I not was sad but happy to learn that Megumi was moving to Paris for abetter job.

You should notice that the words in bold are "linguistically equivalent," or, as we sayin class, "parallel."
Now compare one of these sentences if I try to use rather than:


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Pucci is a cat rather than a dog.
Doesn't this sentence sound crazy? It should; the meaning is all wrong. Now, let's look at a similar sentence, one in which rather than is okay: I want a cat rather than a dog.
This sentence is okay because we are expressing a preference for one thing over another thing.
I need X, not Y = I need X but not Y = I need not Y but X
"I need X rather than Y" does not connote "I need not Y"

Targeted at is the correct idiom
Targeted to is WRONG

Rates for
Estimated to be.
Everyone is singular.

Using Due To
Due to means "caused by" It should only be used if it can be substituted with "caused by" It does not mean the same thing as "because of."
Incorrect: The game was postponed due to rain.
Correct: The game was postponed because of rain.
Correct: The game's postponement was due to rain.


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Neither … Nor
Neither the prosecutor’s eloquent closing argument nor the mountains of incriminating evidence were able to convince the jury to find the defendant guilty.
In neither … nor sentences, the verb has to agree with the subject following nor - in this case mountains, which is plural. Likewise in either .. or sentences, the verb must agree with the subject following or. When you see .. neither .. or .. nor in a sentence, see if it fits this sequence Neither (A or B), nor C !!! also, not (A or B), nor C is fine too.

So [adjective] as to [verb]
Correct: Her debts are so extreme as to threaten the future of the company “So as” is never correct on the GMAT
Incorrect: He exercises everyday so as to build his stamina
Correct: He exercises everyday in an effort to build his stamina

"Compare to" vs. "Compare with"
There are two rules which you should consider. First read the usage notes from Compare usually takes the preposition to when it refers to. the activity of describing the resemblances between unlike things:


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• He compared her to a summer day.
• Scientists sometimes compare the human brain to a computer. Compare takes with when it refers to the act of examining two like things in order to discern their similarities or differences:
• The police compared the forged signature with the original. • The committee...
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