Basic Grammar

Topics: Sentence, Syntactic entities, Dependent clause Pages: 3 (671 words) Published: February 19, 2013
Grammar Test Revision

Unit 1- Sentence Types
A simple sentence has one subject and one predicate (verb)
Example: My brother is not a very good basketball player.

An independent clause is one which can stand-alone it also has a subject and a predicate. Example: We walk home from school.

Building on from this you can make a complex sentence made from an independent clause and one or more dependent clauses.

A dependent clause in one which cannot stand alone although it to has a subject and a predicate, it must be accompanied by an independent clause. When combining the two words such as although, if, because, before, when, where which etc. are used.

I will text you if I get the acceptance letter.

If the dependent clause following an independent clause does not add essential information but describes a noun, a comma is placed before the dependent clause.

Many people rent this movie, it is one of our top grossing movies

A compound sentence is a sentence with a lot of information; some of which cannot stand-alone. A complex sentence must include two or more independent clauses and at least one dependent clause.

I want to play in the garden, but unless I find my shoes, I can’t Dependent clause
Dependent clause
Independent clause
Independent clause
Independent clause
Independent clause

Unit 2/3- combining Sentences

A prepositional phrase is when you blend different phrases. This is when a groups of words begins with a preposition and end with the object of the preposition.

Example: The teacher marked the tests
The teacher used a red pen to mark
The teacher marked the tests using a red pen

An appositive phrase renames or modifies a noun. When interrupting a sentence it is in-between a pair of commas. It is always next to the noun it is modifying.

✖ I enjoy riding my bike. I like riding my bike on my favorite track Pillsbury Hills. I bike ride...
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