Atoms, Radiation, and Radiation Protection (Physics Textbook) - James E. Turner (Wiley-Vch 2007)

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James E. Turner
Atoms, Radiation, and
Radiation Protection

1807–2007 Knowledge for Generations
Each generation has its unique needs and aspirations. When Charles Wiley first opened his small printing shop in lower Manhattan in 1807, it was a generation of boundless potential searching for an identity. And we were there, helping to define a new American literary tradition. Over half a century later, in the midst of the Second Industrial Revolution, it was a generation focused on building the future. Once again, we were there, supplying the critical scientific, technical, and engineering knowledge that helped frame the world. Throughout the 20th Century, and into the new millennium, nations began to reach out beyond their own borders and a new international community was born. Wiley was there, expanding its operations around the world to enable a global exchange of ideas, opinions, and know-how.

For 200 years, Wiley has been an integral part of each generation’s journey, enabling the flow of information and understanding necessary to meet their needs and fulfill their aspirations. Today, bold new technologies are changing the way we live and learn. Wiley will be there, providing you the must-have knowledge you need to imagine new worlds, new possibilities, and new opportunities. Generations come and go, but you can always count on Wiley to provide you the knowledge you need, when and where you need it!

William J. Pesce
President and Chief Executive Officer

Peter Booth Wiley
Chairman of the Board

James E. Turner

Atoms, Radiation, and
Radiation Protection

Third, Completely Revised and Enlarged Edition

The Author
J.E. Turner
127 Windham Road
Oak Ridge, TN 37830
USA

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ISBN 978-3-527-40606-7

To Renate

VII

Contents
Preface to the First Edition
XV
Preface to the Second Edition
XVII
Preface to the Third Edition
XIX

1
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6

About Atomic Physics and Radiation
1
Classical Physics
1
Discovery of X Rays
1
Some Important Dates in Atomic and Radiation Physics
Important Dates in Radiation Protection
8
Sources and Levels of Radiation Exposure
11
Suggested Reading
12

2
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7
2.8
2.9
2.10
2.11
2.12
2.13
2.14

Atomic Structure and Atomic Radiation
15
The Atomic Nature of Matter (ca. 1900)
15
The Rutherford Nuclear Atom
18
Bohr’s Theory of the Hydrogen Atom
19
Semiclassical Mechanics, 1913–1925
25
Quantum Mechanics
28
The Pauli Exclusion Principle
33
Atomic Theory of...
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