Assignment : Concept of Salat

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Salat is the 2nd pillar among the 5 pillars of islam. it is a daily practises that must be performed by each and every muslim. Some people believe that salat only begin after prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.) was brought to allah through isra’and mi’raj. But was it? The rituals of Salat, and some other practises have actually existed since Abraham (a.s). The prophet was not the first to give directive about them. In fact, it was for the purpose of establishment of prayer that prophet Abraham built the Ka’bah. Thi is mentioned in the Qur’an : O Lord I have made some of my offspring to dwell in a barren valley by Your sacred House in order O Lord! that they may establish regular prayer. (14:37) So, was prophet Abraham the first one that give directive about salat? The answer to this can be obtained from Qur’an other verses; They said: O Shu‘ayb does your prayer command you that we leave the worship which our fathers practised…" (11:87) Prophet Moses (sws) had been told: Verily I am Allah: There is no god but I. So serve Me [only] and establish regular prayer to remember me. (20:14) Jesus (sws) had said: And He has made me blessed wheresoever I be, and has enjoined on me prayer and Zakat as long as I live. (19:31)

All this verses are evidence that the prayer(Salat) was an introduced and known form of worship in times of prophet Muhammad (s.a.w). It is precisely for this that there is no detailed way mention in the Qur’an about how to perform Salat. Qur’an just seem to referring to it as practises which was already being performed in the society whilst the job of putting it into the right shape was performed by prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.). Today, Muslim all over the world perform their prayers following prophet Muhammad through his hadith.


Salat is an Arabic word which means du’aa (invocation). In Islam, it means to worship Allah through prescribed saying and action starting with Takbeer (saying Allahu akbar), and ending with Tasleem (saying: as-salamu álaykum warahmatullah) with certain rules and prohibition.

Salat can be divided into 2 categories. Salat fard (obligatory) are the 5 daily prayers which are Fajr/Subuh (early morning), Zuhr (noonday, is replaced by Friday prayer on Friday for man only whilst women can perform it but must still perform Zuhr prayer ), ‘Asar (late afternoon), Maghrib (sunset)and lastly Ishaa’. Fard can further be classed as fard-ain (obligation of the self) and fard al-kifayah (obligation of sufficiency). Fard al-ayn are those actions that are obligatory on each individual; he or she will be held to account if the actions are not performed such as the obligatory prayers. Fard al-kifayah are actions obligatory on the Muslim community at large, so that if some people within the community carry it out no Muslim is considered blameworthy, but if no one carries it out all incur a collective punishment. Congregational prayer is considered as fard al-kifayah.

Salat sunnah are optional and were additional voluntary prayers where some of it can be performed at anytime whilst some of it has its own specific time. Salat sunnah are performed to gain closeness to Allah or for specific reason. Example of salat sunnah are Tahajjud (performed in the middle of the night), Hajjah(to ask for something) and Istikharah (to ask for guidance).

Salat is the 2nd pillar of islam. It can be divided into 2 categories which are sunnah (optional) and wajib (obligatory). 5 daily prayers are obligatory for every Muslim. Neglecting Salat is a huge sin for it is the 2nd pillar of Islam. Those who neglect Salat would be considered as fasik and not a true muslim. Why? This can be easily...
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