Using your textbook (chapter 9) answer the following questions. 1. What are the components of health-related physical fitness and why are they considered health related? a. Cardiovascular endurance – reduction in risk of cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality b. Body Composition – reduction in risk of cardiovascular disease, adult-onset diabetes, and metabolic syndrome. c. Muscular fitness including muscular strength, muscular endurance, and flexibility – reduction in risk of low back pain and injury, maintain or increase bone mass, improved posture and functional capacity, improved glucose tolerance, ability to conduct daily activities, increased free fat mass and resting metabolic rate.
2. Why would physical fitness and physical activity still be important to a person who has reached the age of 85 years? d. Studies have been shown that even at the age of 85 physical activity still improves the fitness level and can help with back pain.
3. Why is it difficult to determine the validity of physical activity measurements? e. Every person is different and will have different measurements. Averages may be skewered based on who took the initial assessment.
4. What major advantage do laboratory tests of physical fitness have over field test measures? f. Laboratory tests tend to be more reliable and valid than field tests.
5. What major advantage do field tests have compared to the laboratory measures? g. They are less expensive in lab equipment and time and can measure more people at one time than laboratory testing.
6. Balance is not considered a component of health-related physical fitness. Is there a group of the population for which balance might be considered health related? Explain your answer. h. Balance should be considered health related in the aged because as you age your bones become less dense. The elderly...