1. As an Island – Consequences relating to trade and isolation 2. Arrival and expulsion of the Portuguese
1543 - Shipwrecked Portugese traders blown off course during a storm landed near Tangeshima island off the Southern coast of Japan. The local daimyo (warlord) bought two guns from European sailors and commissioned his swordsmith to make copies then asked the Portugese for shooting lessons. 3. Rise of Ieyasu
Powerful after HIdeyoshi died, did not respect Hideyori (Hideyoshi's successor) cause he wanted to be the absolute ruler of Japan 1571- Ieyasu joined forces with fearless warlord Oda Nobunaga and expanded his territory. Ieyasu moved headquarters and the capital to edo
Careful and bold, had good timing, right times @ right places > switched alliances when he would benefit from it (hojo clan to Hideyoshis army – destroyed hojo then ieyasu took land) – in an era of violence, betrayal and sudden death, not well liked or popular but respected for his leadership and cunning, once he allied with Nobunaga he was loyal to him, he executed a man when he came into power because he had insulted ieyasu when he was younger, 4. Ieyasu as Shogun
Moved the capital to Edo and transformed the fishing village into political and economic center
Forced Daimyos and Lords to finance expansion of Edo > and live in the city for part of every other year Construction of city and samurai in need of goods attracted merchants, craftsmen and entertainers from all over Japan = population over 1 mil – Edo largest city in the world 17th century For 300 yrs Shoguns maintained peace and isolated themselves from western influence – time of cultural and economic renaissance After death, Tokugawa shogunate crumbled. Shoguns were worried about a rebellion because of influence influence, so they isolated themselves from the rest of the world. Isolation = bad, ruined their empire instead of trying to keep it the same 5. William Adams...