Art Quiz

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  • Topic: Depth perception, Parallel projection, Axonometric projection
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Chapter 5 – Space

VOCABULARY| DEFINITION ACCORDING TO CHAPTER FIVE | EXAMPLE : WORK OF ART THAT EXEMPLIFIES VOCABULARY WORD AND EXPLANATION OF HOW IT IS USED| OVERLAP| Overlapping images also create the illusion that one object is in front of the other in space.| Donald Sultan’s “Lemons” An image of three lemons overlapping in space, but it consists of a flat yellow shape on a black ground 8 feet square| NEGATIVE SPACE| Empty space, surrounded and shaped so that it acquires a sense of volume and form by means of the outline or frame that surrounds them.| Martin Puryear’s “Self” a sculptural mass that stands nearly six feet high. Made of wood, it looms out of the floor like giant basalt outcropping, and it seems to satisfy the other implied meaning of mass that is, seems to possess weight and density as well as volume.| VANISHING POINT| To present parallel lines receding to a single point on the viewer’s horizon.| Perspective analysis of “Leonardo da Vinci”, The Last Super, c. 1495-98. The focus our attention on Christ, since the perspective lines appear almost as rays of light radiating from Christ Head.| TWO-DIMENSIONAL SPACE| It consists of two standing vertical masses that occupy three-dimensional space in a manner similar to standing human forms| Barbara Hepworth “Two Figures” The sculpture similarity to the standing forms of King Menkaure and his Queen.| THREE-DIMENSIONAL SPACE| Even though the image is highly abstract and decorative, we are still able to read it as representing objects in three-dimensional.| Steve DiBenedetto “Deliverance” Object closer to us appear larger than objects farther away, so that juxtaposition of a large and a small helicopter suggest deep space between them.| SCALE| Is used for height and width, while depth is reduced.| “The Three Sacred Shrines at Kumano”; Kumano Mandala, Japan, Kamakura period (1185-1333)| LINEAR PERSPECTIVE| Lines are drawn on the picture plane in such a way as to represent parallel lines receding to a single point viewers horizon.| Fig. 5-13 One-Point Linear perspective. Left Frontal recession, street level. Right: diagonal recession, elevated position.|

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Leonardo da Vinci’s The Last Supper is based on what specific type of perspective? a) isometric perspective
b) trimetric perspective
c) one-point linear perspective
d) two-point linear perspective

Answer: C) one- point linear perspective

2. Paul Strand’s Abstraction, Porch Shadows reflects a 20th century effort to challenge the viewer’ perspective with a) traditional compositions.
b) high contrast images.
c) patterns of light and dark.
d) odd or distorted perspective.

Answer: D) odd or distorted perspective

3. In the 15th century in Italy there was a profound redefinition of space with the codification and usage of linear perspective. Some see the same thing happening today with a) increased urbanization.

b) the increased usage and manipulation of cyberspace and virtual realities. c) the ubiquity of television.
d) new technology like the printing press.

Answer : B) the increased usage and manipulation of cyberspace and virtual realities

4. Gustave Caillebotte’s Place de l’Europe on a Rainy Day is based on what specific type of perspective? a) isometric perspective
b) trimetric perspective
c) one-point linear perspective
d) two-point linear perspective

Answer: D) two-point linear perspective

5. In Harmony in Red (The Red Room), Henri Matisse deliberately intended to violate the laws of perspective. Why? a) He did not understand perspective.
b) He preferred flat space and disliked shading.
c) His interests were in things other than pure verisimilitude. d) He was more comfortable with the two-dimensional plane.

Answer: C) His interests were in things other than pure verisimilitude

6. Paul Cézanne’s Madame Cézanne in a Red Armchair illustrates that the artist was more interested in: a) Design
b) Subject Matter...
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